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Executive summary

The emergence of the Internet has transformed the practice of the humanities and social sciences—more slowly thansome may have hoped, but more profoundly than others may have expected. Digital cultural heritage resources are a fundamentaldataset for the humanities: these resources, combined with computer networks and software tools, now shape the way that scholarsdiscover and make sense of the human record, while also shaping the way their findings are communicated to students, colleagues, andthe general public. Even greater transformations are on the horizon, as digitized cultural heritage comes into its own. But wewill not see anything approaching complete digitization of the record of human culture, removal of legal and technical barriers toaccess, or revolutionary change in the academic reward system unless the individuals, institutions, enterprises, organizations,and agencies who are this generation’s stewards of that record make it their business to ensure that these things happen.

The organized use of networks and computation for the practice of science and engineering was the subject of a2003 report to the National Science Foundation (NSF), Revolutionizing Science and Engineering throughCyberinfrastructure.

National Science Foundation, Revolutionizing Science and Engineering through Cyberinfrastructure: Report of theNational Science Foundation Blue-Ribbon Advisory Panel on Cyberinfrastructure (January 2003) (External Link) .
In both the NSF report and this one, the term cyberinfrastructure ismeant to denote the layer of information, expertise, standards, policies, tools, and services that are shared broadly acrosscommunities of inquiry but developed for specific scholarly purposes:cyberinfrastructure is something more specific than thenetwork itself, but it is something more general than a tool or a resource developed for a particular project, a range of projects,or, even more broadly, for a particular discipline. So, for example, digital history collections and the collaborativeenvironments in which to explore and analyze them from multiple disciplinary perspectives might be considered cyberinfrastructure,whereas fiber-optic cables and storage area networks or basic communication protocols would fall below the line forcyberinfrastructure.

Recognizing that a revolution similar to the transformation of science and engineering addressed in the NSFreport is inevitable for the humanities and the social sciences and that these disciplines have essential and distinct contributions tomake in designing, building, and operating cyberinfrastructure, the American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) in 2004 appointed aCommission on Cyberinfrastructure for the Humanities and Social Sciences. This report reflects the reach of its sponsoringorganization, the ACLS, by focusing on the needs of the humanities and nonnormative social sciences, that is, social sciences that areinterpretive.

The ACLS Commission was charged with three tasks:

  • To describe and analyze the current state of humanities and social science cyberinfrastructure
  • To articulate the requirements and potential contributions of the humanities and social sciences in developing acyberinfrastructure for information, teaching, and research
  • To recommend areas of emphasis and coordination for the various agencies and institutions, public and private, thatcontribute to the development of this infrastructure

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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