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The efficient one-to-many, one-to-one, and many-to-many communication links provided by the Internet and WWWare reinventing the book into a new information system that is tightly interconnected, fast-paced, and inexpensive. The coreconcept is the idea of a digital commons , a vast repository of richly inter-linked hypertext materials that is woven and tended bya multitude of authors worldwide. In the digital commons, authors can form communities to collaborate and continuously improve, re-use, and re-organize the material in the commons. The communityculture created by this system could have some of the attributes of the “collective intelligence” of Levy, Engelbart, Licklider,Barabási, Weinberger, and others where the resulting whole is greater than the sum of its parts. The readers of the commons arealso more tightly connected by communications technologies (email, discussion forums, chat rooms, blogs, wikis, and so on). If currentlibraries can be compared to Eric Raymond’s cathedrals, then the future digital commons will be like a bazaar.

“… humanity has a chance to reclaim its future. Not by placing its destiny in the hands of some so-calledintelligent mechanism, but by systematically producing the tools that will enable it to shape itself into intelligent communities,capable of negotiating the stormy seas of change.” [Levy p. xxv]

In contrast to traditional libraries, the digital commons is global and under continual, 24/7 expansion andrevision. And, in sharp contrast to the “tragedy of the commons” often cited in the literature, this is a commons without anecessary tragedy; indeed, as its use grows, Metcalfe’s Law (which holds that the usefulness, or utility, of a network is proportionalto the square of the number of users) will amplify its effect. The digital commons will provide new opportunities for writing,scholarship, reading, and learning.

… primary and secondary materials will interact more powerfully than before as both are online side byside. Scholarly discussions will quote the original by pointing to it, and leave the reader to explore the original context, not justthe few words or sentences most apposite. Conversely, texts will acquire structured commentaries not by single hands but organizedout of the work of many. [O’Donnell, pp. 132-4]

Indeed, this new format turns out to be similar to some of the modern (or postmodern) ideas in literary,social, and philosophical theory. Landow, Haraway, Hayles, and others have written on this.

Two pillars support the emerging digital commons. The first is a common technology framework for sharing information provided by hypertext, HTML, XML, and the WWW. Thesecond is a common legal framework for sharing information provided by open-access licenses.

Open-access takes its inspiration from the free software and open-source software movements, in whichcommunities of programmers create software such as the Linux operating system, Apache web server, and Mozilla family of browsersand mail tools. When a community is successful, a high-quality piece of work emerges from the open development process, thanks tomany hands to do the work, many eyes to conduct a constant peer review, and pride of authorship and contributions to thecommunity.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, A brave new digi-world and caribbean literacy : a search for solutions. OpenStax CNX. Apr 22, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10600/1.10
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