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The use of recording devices during interviews has its advantages and disadvantages. I am of the opinion that the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages and agree with Patton (1989; 137) who asserts that the tape recorder is indispensible to increasing the accuracy of data collection and allows the interviewer to be more attentive to the interviewee, however it does not eliminate the need for taking notes. Saidman (1991; 70) concurs when he states that there is no question in his mind that in-depth interviews must be tape recorded – the researcher has to transform these spoken words into written texts.

On this basis nine interviews were tape recorded and transcribed. Observational field notes were taken which described the setting, gestures, facial expressions, tone of voice and general body language [Henning, et al (2004; 73)].

Data analysis

Qualitative data analysis is primarily an inductive process of organising the data into categories and identifying patterns among the categories [McMillan and Schumacher (2001; 461)]. Most qualitative researchers employ an interpretivist / subjective style rather than a technical / objective style. The criteria for deciding which form/s the data analysis to undertake are governed by both fitness for purpose and legitimacy – the form of data analysis must be appropriate for the kinds of data gathered. Patton (1989; 144) concurs when he states that analysis is the process of bringing order to the data, organising what is there into patterns, categories and basis descriptive units. The different bases of epistemology give rise to a wide variety of methods of analysing data and unlike quantitative research, data analysis can take place before the data collection process has been completed – the researcher can begin the analysis even during the interview process.

During the course of the interview ideas of analysis and interpretation were recorded in the observational field notes. Many proponents of qualitative methodologies agree that this overlapping of data collection and data analysis improves both the quality of the data collected and the quality of the analysis – however the researcher has to be careful that the initial interpretations do not bias subsequent data collected.

The method adopted for data analysis was qualitative description as outlined in Patton (1989; 147), that is a pure description of the programme and the experiences of the people in the programme – to inform the reader what happened and what it was like from the participants point of view to have been in the programme. It provides a holistic picture of what happened. According to Neuman (2001; 34) the description must be sufficiently detailed to transport the readers to the context within which the investigation took place – this allows for multiple interpretations and for readers to make their own inferences.

McMillan and Schumacher (2001; 467) state that inductive analysis means that the categories and patterns emerge from the data rather than being imposed on the data prior to data collection. They further enumerate the sources used to classify and organise data:

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Financial management of schools. OpenStax CNX. Nov 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11137/1.1
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