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Rosnow and Rosenthal further emphasise that the pilot test be carried out with a small number of participants to ensure that the procedure and instructions are clear and to identify problems that were likely to be encountered during the focus group interviews proper. The pilot test was undertaken with three focus groups from Circuit A – in order to make any modifications to the instrument prior to the research proper.

Data collection

Focus group interviews were conducted in the nine schools indicated in figure 6. The target population comprised of the principal, the treasurer (or parent if the treasurer was not a parent) and educator (if the treasurer was a parent). According to Cohen, et al (2007; 376) focus groups are a form of group interview … the reliance is on the interaction within the group who discuss the topic supplied by the researcher yielding a collective rather than an individual view – from the interaction of the group data may emerge that will represent the views of the participants rather than the agenda of the interviewer.

Figure 6 – Sampled Schools

Source: Ethekwini Municipality

According to Patton (1989; 107) the fundamental principle of qualitative interviewing is to provide a framework within which respondents can express their own understandings in their own terms. Saidman (1991; 00) points out that interviewing is one of the best instruments for qualitative data generation. This viewpoint is supported by many of the authors of qualitative research methodology including Rogers and Bouey in MacKenzie and Knipe (2006; 143) who state that without a doubt the most utilised data collection method in qualitative research is the interview. One of the greatest advantages of the interview is flexibility – according to Patton (1989; 57) the researcher is allowed flexibility to explore unanticipated topics as they are discovered.

Many of the ardent proponents of qualitative research methodology classify qualitative research interviews into three types viz. structured interviews, unstructured interviews and semi-structured interviews. Arguably the most widely interview type used is the semi-structured interview. Semi-structured interviews are sometimes referred to as guided interviews – the guides or probes allow the researcher to develop “areas of inquiry” during the interview and display the following strengths:

  • the guides or probes increase the comprehension by respondents making data collection systematic
  • all respondents answer the same questions thus increasing comparability
  • the interviews remain fairly conversational and situational
  • flexibility allows for “logical gaps” in the data to be anticipated and closed

This research study made use of the semi-structured interview method of data collection. The questions were divided into ten themes [Annexure C]and administered in nine schools to twenty seven respondents; this implies three respondents per school. Wilkinson and Birmingham (2003; 00) state that the interview process should be planned in three phases namely (i) setting up the interview and finding the participants according to the overall research design; (ii) conducting and recording the interviews and (iii) reflecting on the interviews and analysing and interpreting the data.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Financial management of schools. OpenStax CNX. Nov 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11137/1.1
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