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33 . The screening test has a 20 percent probability of a Type II error, meaning that 20 percent of the time, it will fail to detect TB when it is in fact present.

34 . Eighty percent of the time, the screening test will detect TB when it is actually present.

9.3: distribution needed for hypothesis testing

35 . The Student’s t -test.

36 . The normal distribution or z -test.

37 . The normal distribution with μ = p and σ = p q n

38 . t 24 . You use the t -distribution because you don’t know the population standard deviation, and the degrees of freedom are 24 because df = n – 1.

39 . X ¯ ~ N ( 0.95 , 0.051 100 )
Because you know the population standard deviation, and have a large sample, you can use the normal distribution.

9.4: rare events, the sample, decision, and conclusion

40 . Fail to reject the null hypothesis, because α p

41 . Reject the null hypothesis, because α p .

42 . H 0 : μ ≥ 29.0”
H a : μ <29.0”

43 . t 19 . Because you do not know the population standard deviation, use the t -distribution. The degrees of freedom are 19, because df = n – 1.

44 . The test statistic is –4.4721 and the p -value is 0.00013 using the calculator function TTEST.

45 . With α = 0.05, reject the null hypothesis.

46 . With α = 0.05, the p -value is almost zero using the calculator function TTEST so reject the null hypothesis.

9.5: additional information and full hypothesis test examples

47 . The level of significance is five percent.

48 . two-tailed

49 . one-tailed

50 . H 0 : p = 0.8
H a : p ≠ 0.8

51 . You will use the normal test for a single population proportion because np and nq are both greater than five.

10.1: comparing two independent population means with unknown population standard deviations

52 . They are matched (paired), because you interviewed married couples.

53 . They are independent, because participants were assigned at random to the groups.

54 . They are matched (paired), because you collected data twice from each individual.

55 . d = x ¯ 1 x ¯ 2 s p o o l e d = 4.8 4.2 1.6 = 0.375
This is a small effect size, because 0.375 falls between Cohen’s small (0.2) and medium (0.5) effect sizes.

56 . d = x ¯ 1 x ¯ 2 s p o o l e d = 5.2 4.2 1.6 = 0.625
The effect size is 0.625. By Cohen’s standard, this is a medium effect size, because it falls between the medium (0.5) and large (0.8) effect sizes.

57 . p -value<0.01.

58 . You will only reject the null hypothesis if you get a value significantly below the hypothesized mean of 110.

10.2: comparing two independent population means with known population standard deviations

59 . X ¯ 1 X ¯ 2 , i.e., the mean difference in amount spent on textbooks for the two groups.

60 . H 0 : X ¯ 1 X ¯ 2 ≤ 0
H a : X ¯ 1 X ¯ 2 >0
This could also be written as:
H 0 : X ¯ 1 X ¯ 2
H a : X ¯ 1 > X ¯ 2

61 . Using the calculator function 2-SampTtest, reject the null hypothesis. At the 5% significance level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the science students spend more on textbooks than the humanities students.

62 . Using the calculator function 2-SampTtest, reject the null hypothesis. At the 1% significance level, there is sufficient evidence to conclude that the science students spend more on textbooks than the humanities students.

10.3: comparing two independent population proportions

63 . H 0 : p A = p B
H a : p A p B

Questions & Answers

probability sampling
Rosy Reply
dicuss probability sampling
given that a sample is normally distributed with M=10 sd=8 determine
disscuss probability sampling
Discuss probability sampling
What is mean
Probability sampling is based on the fact that every member of a population has a known and equal chance of being selected. For example, if you had a population of 100 people, each person would have odds of 1 out of 100 of being chosen. With non-probability sampling, those odds are not equal.
The Arithmetic Mean is the average of the numbers: a calculated "central" value of a set of numbers.  To calculate it:  • add up all the numbers, • then divide by how many numbers there are. Example: what is the mean of 2, 7 and 9? Add the numbers: 2 + 7 + 9 = 18 Divide by how many numbers, 3 you
get 6
guidelines of designing a table
you can find that information on this website there is a lot of information. It's about interpreting what the concept of information & data you are getting from the graph and understanding how to read the graph and analyze the information. ***understandinggraphics.com/design/data-table-design/
Frequency find questions
Rimsha Reply
What is nominal variable
olusola Reply
Write short notes on, nominal variable, ordinal variable, internal variable, ratio variable.
P( /x-50/ less than or equal to 5 ) where mean =52 and Variance =25
Jay Reply
how I get the mcq
Mukesh Reply
please what is data mining
Josephine Reply
the exploration and analysis of large data to discover meaningful patterns and rules
how do we calculate the median
All Reply
f(x)=cx(1-x)^4 as x range 4rm 0<=x<=1. Can someone pls help me find d constant C. By integration only..
Akeem Reply
uses of statistics in Local Government
Saleema Reply
state road transport corporation
District statistical officer
statistical services
Please is this part of the IMT program
testing of drugs
hii 2
How about population census
Hello every one
sample survey is done by local government in each and every field.
statistics is used in almost every government organisations such as health department, economic department, census, weather forecasting fields
that's true
statistics is one of the tool that represents the falling and rising of any cases in one sheet either that is in population census whether forecast as well as economic growth
statistic is a technique, and statistics is a subject
what is business statistics
PM Reply
Probability tells you the likelihood of an event happening. ... The higher the probability, the more likely it is to happen. Probability is a number or fraction between 0 and 1. A probability of 1 means something will always happen, and a probability of 0 means something will never happen...
La Reply
Saying it's a number between zero and one means it is a fraction so you could remove "or fraction" from you definition.
wouldn't be correct to remove fractions, saying a number is justified as probabilities can also be decimals between 0 and 1.
Saying "a number" will include it being a decimal which are themselves fractions in another form.
I will simply say a probability is a number in the range zero to one, inclusive.
How to delete an entry? This last one was a pocket print.
what is probability
sky-D Reply
chance of occurrence
what is data
Muhd Reply
raw facts and figures
information of any kind
What is Statistic
ibrahim Reply
what statistical analysis can i run on growth and yield of spinach.
format of the frequency distribution table
what is pearson correlation coefficient indicates?
Statistic is the mean of the sample.
can anyone determine the value of c and the covariance and correlation for the joint probability density function Fxy(x,y)=c over the range 0<x<5,0<y,and x-1<y<x-1.
what actually is the definition of range
Chinedu Reply
I need social statistics materials
the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
I need more explanation about cluster sampling

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