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62 . What would be your decision, if you were using α = 0.01?

10.3: comparing two independent population proportions

Use the information to answer the next six exercises. You want to know if proportion of homes with cable television service differs between Community A and Community B. To test this, you draw a random sample of 100 for each and record whether they have cable service.

63 . What are the null and alternative hypotheses for this study

64 . If 65 households in Community A have cable service, and 78 households in community B, what is the pooled proportion?

65 . At α = 0.03, will you reject the null hypothesis? What is your conclusion? 65 households in Community A have cable service, and 78 households in community B. 100 households in each community were surveyed.

66 . Using an alpha value of 0.01, would you reject the null hypothesis? What is your conclusion? 65 households in Community A have cable service, and 78 households in community B. 100 households in each community were surveyed.

10.4: matched or paired samples

Use the following information to answer the next five exercises. You are interested in whether a particular exercise program helps people lose weight. You conduct a study in which you weigh the participants at the start of the study, and again at the conclusion, after they have participated in the exercise program for six months. You compare the results using a matched-pairs t-test, in which the data is {weight at conclusion – weight at start}. You believe that, on average, the participants will have lost weight after six months on the exercise program.

67 . What are the null and alternative hypotheses for this study?

68 . Calculate the test statistic, assuming that x ¯ d = –5, s d = 6, and n = 30 (pairs).

69 . What are the degrees of freedom for this statistic?

70 . Using α = 0.05, what is your decision regarding the effectiveness of this program in causing weight loss? What is the conclusion?

71 . What would it mean if the t -statistic had been 4.56, and what would have been your decision in that case?

11.1: facts about the chi-square distribution

72 . What is the mean and standard deviation for a chi-square distribution with 20 degrees of freedom?

11.2: goodness-of-fit test

Use the following information to answer the next four exercises. Nationally, about 66 percent of high school graduates enroll in higher education. You perform a chi-square goodness of fit test to see if this same proportion applies to your high school’s most recent graduating class of 200. Your null hypothesis is that the national distribution also applies to your high school.

73 . What are the expected numbers of students from your high school graduating class enrolled and not enrolled in higher education?

74 . Fill out the rest of this table.

Observed ( O ) Expected ( E ) O E ( O E )2 ( O E ) 2 z
Enrolled 145
Not enrolled 55

75 . What are the degrees of freedom for this chi-square test?

76 . What is the chi-square test statistic and the p -value. At the 5% significance level, what do you conclude?

77 . For a chi-square distribution with 92 degrees of freedom, the curve _____________.

Questions & Answers

The probability range is 0 to 1... but why we take it 0 to 1....
Muhammad Reply
what do they mean in a question when you are asked to find P40 and P88
Megrina Reply
I dont get your question! What are you talk ING about?
Mani
hi
Mehri
you're asked to find page 40 and page 88 on that particular book.
Joseph
hi
ravi
any suggestions for statistics app better than this
ravi
sorry miss wrote the question
omar
No problem) By the way. I NEED a program For statistical data analysis. Any suggestion?
Mani
Eviews will help u
Kwadwo
Hello
Okonkwo
arey there any data analyst and working on sas statistical model building
ravi
Hi guys ,actually I have dicovered that the P40 and P88 means finding the 40th and 88th percentiles 😌..
Megrina
who can explain the euclidian distance
ravi
I am fresh student of statistics (BS) plz guide me best app or best website relative to stat topics
Noman
IMAGESNEWSVIDEOS A Dictionary of Computing. measures of location Quantities that represent the average or typical value of a random variable (compare measures of variation). They are either properties of a probability distribution or computed statistics of a sample. Three important measures are the mean, median, and mode.
Ahmed Reply
define the measures of location
Kaynaat Reply
IMAGESNEWSVIDEOS A Dictionary of Computing. measures of location Quantities that represent the average or typical value of a random variable (compare measures of variation). They are either properties of a probability distribution or computed statistics of a sample. Three important measures are th
Ahmed
hi i have a question....
Muhammad
what is confidence interval estimate and its formula in getting it
Jhezarie Reply
discuss the roles of vital and health statistic in the planning of health service of the community
BITRUS Reply
given that the probability of
BITRUS
can man city win Liverpool ?
Emmanuel Reply
There are two coins on a table. When both are flipped, one coin land on heads eith probability 0.5 while the other lands on head with probability 0.6. A coin is randomly selected from the table and flipped. (a) what is probability it lands on heads? (b) given that it lands on tail, what is the Condi
Nusrat Reply
0.5*0.5+0.5*0.6
Ravasz
what is gradient descent?
Saurav Reply
It should be a Machine learning terms。
Mok
it is a term used in linear regression
Saurav
what are the differences between standard deviation and variancs?
Enhance
what is statistics
Emmanuel Reply
statistics is the collection and interpretation of data
Enhance
the science of summarization and description of numerical facts
Enhance
Is the estimation of probability
Zaini
mr. zaini..can u tell me more clearly how to calculated pair t test
Haai
do you have MG Akarwal Statistics' book Zaini?
Enhance
Haai how r u?
Enhance
maybe .... mathematics is the science of simplification and statistics is the interpretation of such values and its implications.
Miguel
can we discuss about pair test
Haai
what is outlier?
Usama Reply
outlier is an observation point that is distant from other observations.
Gidigah
what is its effect on mode?
Usama
Outlier  have little effect on the mode of a given set of data.
Gidigah
How can you identify a possible outlier(s) in a data set.
Daniel
The best visualisation method to identify the outlier is box and wisker method or boxplot diagram. The points which are located outside the max edge of wisker(both side) are considered as outlier.
Akash
@Daniel Adunkwah - Usually you can identify an outlier visually. They lie outside the observed pattern of the other data points, thus they're called outliers.
Ron
what is completeness?
Muhammad
I am new to this. I am trying to learn.
Dom
I am also new Dom, welcome!
Nthabi
thanks
Dom
please my friend i want same general points about statistics. say same thing
alex
outliers do not have effect on mode
Meselu
also new
yousaf
I don't get the example
Hadekunle Reply
ways of collecting data at least 10 and explain
Ridwan Reply
Example of discrete variable
Bada Reply
sales made monthly.
Gbenga
I am new here, can I get someone to guide up?
alayo
dies outcome is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 nothing come outside of it. it is an example of discrete variable
jainesh
continue variable is any value value between 0 to 1 it could be 4digit values eg 0.1, 0.21, 0.13, 0.623, 0.32
jainesh
How to answer quantitative data
Alhassan Reply
hi
Kachalla
what's up here ... am new here
Kachalla
sorry question a bit unclear...do you mean how do you analyze quantitative data? If yes, it depends on the specific question(s) you set in the beginning as well as on the data you collected. So the method of data analysis will be dependent on the data collecter and questions asked.
Bheka
how to solve for degree of freedom
saliou
Quantitative data is the data in numeric form. For eg: Income of persons asked is 10,000. This data is quantitative data on the other hand data collected for either make or female is qualitative data.
Rohan
*male
Rohan
Degree of freedom is the unconditionality. For example if you have total number of observations n, and you have to calculate variance, obviously you will need mean for that. Here mean is a condition, without which you cannot calculate variance. Therefore degree of freedom for variance will be n-1.
Rohan
data that is best presented in categories like haircolor, food taste (good, bad, fair, terrible) constitutes qualitative data
Bheka
vegetation types (grasslands, forests etc) qualitative data
Bheka

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Source:  OpenStax, Introductory statistics. OpenStax CNX. May 06, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11562/1.18
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