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a = Δ v t

where Δ v is the change in velocity, i.e. Δ v = v f - v i . Thus we have

a = v f - v i t v f = v i + a t

Derivation of [link]

We have seen that displacement can be calculated from the area under a velocity vs. time graph. For uniformly accelerated motion the most complicated velocity vs. time graph we can have is a straight line. Look at the graph below - it represents an object with a starting velocity of v i , accelerating to a final velocity v f over a total time t .

To calculate the final displacement we must calculate the area under the graph - this is just the area of the rectangle added to the area of the triangle. This portion of the graph has been shaded for clarity.

Area = 1 2 b × h = 1 2 t × ( v f - v i ) = 1 2 v f t - 1 2 v i t
Area = × b = t × v i = v i t
Displacement = Area + Area Δ x = v i t + 1 2 v f t - 1 2 v i t Δ x = ( v i + v f ) 2 t

Derivation of [link]

This equation is simply derived by eliminating the final velocity v f in [link] . Remembering from [link] that

v f = v i + a t

then [link] becomes

Δ x = v i + v i + a t 2 t = 2 v i t + a t 2 2 Δ x = v i t + 1 2 a t 2

Derivation of [link]

This equation is just derived by eliminating the time variable in the above equation. From [link] we know

t = v f - v i a

Substituting this into [link] gives

Δ x = v i ( v f - v i a ) + 1 2 a ( v f - v i a ) 2 = v i v f a - v i 2 a + 1 2 a ( v f 2 - 2 v i v f + v i 2 a 2 ) = v i v f a - v i 2 a + v f 2 2 a - v i v f a + v i 2 2 a 2 a Δ x = - 2 v i 2 + v f 2 + v i 2 v f 2 = v i 2 + 2 a Δ x

This gives us the final velocity in terms of the initial velocity, acceleration and displacement and is independent of the time variable.

A racing car is travelling north. It accelerates uniformly covering a distance of 725 m in 10 s. If it has an initial velocity of 10 m · s - 1 , find its acceleration.

  1. We are given:

    v i = 10 m · s - 1 Δ x = 725 m t = 10 s a = ?
  2. If you struggle to find the correct equation, find the quantity that is not given and then look for an equation that has this quantity in it.

    We can use equation [link]

    Δ x = v i t + 1 2 a t 2
  3. Δ x = v i t + 1 2 a t 2 725 m = ( 10 m · s - 1 × 10 s ) + 1 2 a × ( 10 s ) 2 725 m - 100 m = ( 50 s 2 ) a a = 12 , 5 m · s - 2
  4. The racing car is accelerating at 12,5 m · s - 2 north.

A motorcycle, travelling east, starts from rest, moves in a straight line with a constant acceleration and covers a distance of 64 m in 4 s. Calculate

  1. its acceleration
  2. its final velocity
  3. at what time the motorcycle had covered half the total distance
  4. what distance the motorcycle had covered in half the total time.
  1. We are given:

    v i = 0 m · s - 1 ( because the object starts from rest. ) Δ x = 64 m t = 4 s a = ? v f = ? t = ? at half the distance Δ x = 32 m . Δ x = ? at half the time t = 2 s .

    All quantities are in SI units.

  2. We can use [link]

    Δ x = v i t + 1 2 a t 2
  3. Δ x = v i t + 1 2 a t 2 64 m = ( 0 m · s - 1 × 4 s ) + 1 2 a × ( 4 s ) 2 64 m = ( 8 s 2 ) a a = 8 m · s - 2 east
  4. We can use [link] - remember we now also know the acceleration of the object.

    v f = v i + a t
  5. v f = v i + a t v f = 0 m · s - 1 + ( 8 m · s - 2 ) ( 4 s ) = 32 m · s - 1 east
  6. We can use [link] :

    Δ x = v i + 1 2 a t 2 32 m = ( 0 m · s - 1 ) t + 1 2 ( 8 m · s - 2 ) ( t ) 2 32 m = 0 + ( 4 m · s - 2 ) t 2 8 s 2 = t 2 t = 2 , 83 s
  7. Half the time is 2 s, thus we have v i , a and t - all in the correct units. We can use [link] to get the distance:

    Δ x = v i t + 1 2 a t 2 = ( 0 ) ( 2 ) + 1 2 ( 8 ) ( 2 ) 2 = 16 m east
    1. The acceleration is 8 m · s - 2 east
    2. The velocity is 32 m · s - 1 east
    3. The time at half the distance is 2,83 s
    4. The distance at half the time is 16 m east

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Physics - grade 10 [caps 2011]. OpenStax CNX. Jun 14, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11298/1.3
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