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Hulme also provides with a similar image:

Italian flag with shield, Hulme
He also gives his own historical description of the flag, but no insights into the appearance of the a crown in the image on the silk.

Gordon's book finally provides us with the closest image we have yet to find in any of our sources:

Italian flag with shield and crown, Gordon
He also offers us an explanation for its appearance.
"Thus Italy regained the old tricolour for its merchant flag, which would be as Napoleon left it, were it not for the difficulty about that of Mexico, to distinguish it from which itbears the Savoy shield without a crown. The ensign has the crown. The jack is square, being a white cross on red with a broad blue border taking the place of the border of the shield."
It would appear that the flag with the shield and crown was in use by Italy from 1848 until the disagreement with Mexico over the rights to use the image, butthat date is not given in any of our sources. We know from Smith, however, that the Savoy shield was in use until 1946.

Flag 4

Flag 4
This flag of three vertical stripes with no emblems proves relatively easy to find in all of our sources. The World Flag Database furnishes us with its nationality:
National Flag of Belgium

Personal confession

A flag of three vertical stripes did prove easy to find in our sources. However, probably because I am more familiar with thenational flag of Germany,
Germany's Flag
I am willing to confess that I did spend a handful of hours searching for the portrait that we find next to this flag on the silk in our resources onGerman history. It wasn't until I had exhausted all of the resources at hand that I even considered the possibility that I had made a mistake in identifyingthe flag as German. This is an excellent place to remind ourselves that making these kind of mistakes is not silly, but par for the course; we all makemistakes. Its only when we find ourselves denying our mistakes despite the inconsistencies they cause in the research that we become truly sillypeople.
We find the dates for Belgium's flag quickly in the Smith book.
Belgium's flag "dates from 1913, while the Flemish lion can be traced to the twelfth century"
We have the national flag of Belgium, in use since 1913.

Flag 5

Flag 5
Interestingly, none of our sources can provide us with an exact match for this flag, which features the British "Union Jack" in the upper left, adjacent to five whitestars of varying sizes on a field of blue. And yet every one of our sources can provide us with dozens of flags that resemble it very closely. Consider this figure from Smith:
Flags resembling Flag 5
The style, called a canton, is relatively old; it includes an image in the upper left hand corner approximately one quarter the size of thewhole. According to Smith, the use of the Union Jack as a canton designated everything from the position of a particular ship in a fleet to the identity ofa protectorate, dominion or colony in her Empire. The closest to our flag is that of Australia, but we will need to explore other sources for the identity ofthis elusive flag. Suffice it to say, at this point, that the flag is in line with our collected references to the British Empire and leave its officialidentity until we have collected more information about the rest of the flags and their relationship to one another.

Questions & Answers

what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
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Source:  OpenStax, Understanding material culture: deciphering the imagery of the "souvenir of egypt". OpenStax CNX. Oct 08, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10301/1.7
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