# 0.2 Chapter contexts

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An overview of the chapter contexts of the Siyavula Grade 10 Maths textbook.

## Functions and graphs

Functions form a core part of learners’ mathematical understanding and reasoning processes in algebra. This is also an excellent opportunity for contextual mathematical modelling questions.

## Number patterns

Much of mathematics revolves around the identification of patterns.

## Finance, growth and decay

The mathematics of finance is very relevant to daily and long-term financial decisions learners will need to take in terms of investing, taking loans, saving and understanding exchange rates and their influence more globally.

## Algebra

Algebra provides the basis for mathematics learners to move from numerical calculations to generalising operations, simplifying expressions, solving equations and using graphs and inequalities in solving contextual problems.

## Products and factors

Being able to multiply out and factorise are core skills in the process of simplifying expressions and solving equations in mathematics.

## Equations and inequalities

If learners are to later work competently with functions and the graphing and interpretation thereof, their understanding and skills in solving equations and inequalities will need to be developed.

## Estimating surds

Estimation is an extremely important component within mathematics. It allows learners to work with a calculator or present possible solutions while still being able to gauge how accurate and realistic their answers may be. This is relevant for other subjects too. For example, a learner working in biology may need to do a calculation to find the size of the average human kidney. An erroneous interpretation or calculation may result in an answer of 900 m. Without estimation skills, the learner may not query the possibility of such an answer and consider that it should rather be 9 cm. Estimating surds facilitates the further development of this skill of estimation.

## Exponentials

Exponential notation is a central part of mathematics in numerical calculations as well as algebraic reasoning and simplification. It is also a necessary component for learners to understand and appreciate certain financial concepts such as compound interest and growth and decay.

## Irrational numbers&Rounding off

Identifying irrational numbers and knowing their estimated position on a number line or graph is an important part of any mathematical calculations and processes that move beyond the basic number system of whole numbers and integers. Rounding off irrational numbers (such as the value of π) when needed allows mathematics learners to work more efficiently with numbers that would otherwise be difficult to “pin down”, use and comprehend.

## Rational numbers

Once learners have grasped the basic number system of whole numbers and integers, it is vital that their understanding of the numbers between integers is also expanded. This incorporates their dealing with fractions, decimals and surds which form a central part of most mathematical calculations in real-life contextual issues.

The central aspect of rate of change to differential calculus is a basis to further understanding of limits, gradients and calculations and formulae necessary for work in engineering fields, e.g. designing roads, bridges etc.

## Probability

This topic is helpful in developing good logical reasoning in learners and for educating them in terms of real-life issues such as gambling and the possible pitfalls thereof.

## Euclidean geometry and measurement

The thinking processes and mathematical skills of proving conjectures and identifying false conjectures is more the relevance here than the actual content studied. The surface area and volume content studied in real-life contexts of designing kitchens, tiling and painting rooms, designing packages, etc. is relevant to the current and future lives of learners.

## Trigonometry

Trigonometry has several uses within society, including within navigation, music, geographical locations and building design and construction.

## Analytical geometry

This section provides a further application point for learners’ algebraic and trigonometric interaction with the Cartesian plane. Artists and design and layout industries often draw on the content and thought processes of this mathematical topic.

## Statistics

Citizens are daily confronted with interpreting data presented from the media. Often this data may be biased or misrepresented within a certain context. In any type of research, data collection and handling is a core feature. This topic also educates learners to become more socially and politically educated with regards to the media.

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
what about nanotechnology for water purification
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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