# 0.2 Calculating a nonparametric pearson chi-square  (Page 3/3)

 Page 3 / 3

## Step five:

• Check for Statistical Significance
• 1. Go to the Chi-Square Test Box
• 2. Find Pearson Chi-Square row and Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) column cell
 Value df Asymp.Sig.(2-sided) Pearson Chi-Square 833.549 a 118 .000 Likelihood Ratio 907.609 118 .000 Linear-by-Linear 16.845 1 .000 Association N of Valid Cases 1182

a. 81 cells (45.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is .23.

## Step six:

• Check Effect Size
• 1. Go to the Symmetric Measures Box
• 2. Find the Nominal by Nominal Cramer’s V row and Value column cell
• 3. The effect size is there and must be related to Cohen (1998)
• Small effect size = .10 (range of .10 to .299)
• Medium effect size = .30 (range of .30 to .499)
• Large effect size = .50 (range of .50 to 1.00)
Cramer's V cannot be greater than 1.00
 Value Approx Sig. Nominal by Phi .840 .000 Nominal Cramer's V .94 .000 N of Valid Cases 1182

## Step seven:

• Numerical Sentence
• 1. X 2 (df) sp = sp Pearson Chi-Square/Value Cell, sp p sp < sp .001
• X 2 (1)= 833.55, p <.001
• [Note. The sp refers to a space being present where the sp is located.]

## Step eight:

• 1. Go to the IV by DV table (i.e., the one above the Chi-Square Tests table)
• 2. Examine the percentages to determine where the statistically significant differences are

## Step nine:

• Narrative and Interpretation Outline
• 1. Let the reader know what statistical procedure was conducted.
• 2. Explain how the assumptions for this statistical procedure were met.
• 3. Report the results from the test
• 4. Interpret the findings

So, how do you "write up" your Research Questions and your Results? Schuler W. Huck (2000) in his seminal book entitled, Reading Statistics and Research, points to the importance of your audience understanding and making sense of your research in written form. Huck further states:

This book is designed to help people decipher what researchers are trying to communicate in the written or oral summaries of their investigations. Here, the goal is simply to distill meaning from the words, symbols, tables, and figures included in the research report. To be competent in this arena, one must not only be able to decipher what's presented but also to "fill in the holes"; this is the case because researchers typically assume that those receiving the research report are familiar with unmentioned details of the research process and statistical treatment of data.

## A Note from the Editors

Researchers and Professors John Slate and Ana Rojas-LeBouef understand this critical issue, so often neglected or not addressed by other authors and researchers. They point to the importance of doctoral students "writing up their statistics" in a way that others can understand your reporting and as importantly, interpret the meaning of your significant findings and implications for the preparation and practice of educational leadership. Slate and LeBouef provide you with a model for "writing up your Chi-square statistics."

## References

• Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.) . Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erbaum
• Onwuegbuzie, A. J.,&Daniel, L. G. (2002). Uses and misuses of the correlation coefficient. Research in the Schools, 9 (1) , 73-90.
• StatSoft, Inc. (2011). Electronic statistics textbook. Tulsa, OK: StatSoft. WEB: (External Link)

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
why?
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
what does nano mean?
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!