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For OCR, we need to assume an image has certain textual characteristics. For example, there is no point in using a picture of a tree as input to text recognition software.

After reading in an image, the first step to OCR involves preprocessing. Any picture the software reads in can be represented by a matrix of red-green-blue(RGB) values. Rather than deal with three variables, we can make this more computation friendly by converting from RGB to grayscale; instead of a matrix with three separate values in each cell, we now have a matrix of intensity values between 0 and 255.

Another issue is that the images dealt with in OCR are not necessarily properly oriented; they may be skewed, angled, or flipped. This incorrect orientation would make it more difficult for us to correctly classify characters. In order to remedy this, a typical preprocessing requires us to transform and translate the pixels within the image in an attempt to realign the text.

Depending on our inputs and assumptions, there are multiple options on what we will use as a filter. For our purposes, we will be looking at a few filters meant for edge detection, specifically Gaussian, Laplacian, and Sobel.

After filtering, we will be utilizing OpenCV's wide array of functions to detect our characters and identify them. The API provided will handle tasks such as defining the threshold of an edge and the actual edge detection. For classifying the characters, OpenCV has a machine learning algorithm, K-Nearest Neighbors that we capitalize on.

Questions & Answers

are nano particles real
Missy Reply
yeah
Joseph
Hello, if I study Physics teacher in bachelor, can I study Nanotechnology in master?
Lale Reply
no can't
Lohitha
where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
has a lot of application modern world
Kamaluddeen
yes
narayan
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to optical character recognition. OpenStax CNX. Dec 17, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11728/1.1
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