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After narrowing the topic, it is important to consider the approach to the thesis paper. The approach defines the specific subject and guides the direction of the content of the thesis paper. It also helps narrow the scope of the literature search. Three functional approaches for a medical thesis paper are:

Selecting an approach for your master's thesis paper
Approach Tasks to the Approach Supportive Evidence Based Data or Facts Needed Your Own Interpretation
  1. Search for clinical trials or laboratory results.
  2. Develop a hypothesis, problem or statement about laboratory tests or therapeutic treatments.
  1. Articles with numerical data and results from different studies that use the same/similar methods or procedures.
  2. Data must be complete and free of biases.
  1. Statistical analysis of sets of clinical data and results.
  2. Reaches a conclusion.
  3. Defends the conclusion.
  1. Search for new discoveries or findings in the medical field.
  2. Focus on one aspect ( prevention, diagnosis or treatment ) of a particular disease or condition.
  1. Articles about two new discoveries or findings on the chosen aspect.
  1. Determines which of the two new discoveries or findings is better.
  2. Defends the recommendation.
Clinical-case (PICO)
  1. Search the etiology, management, diagnosis and treatment of a particular disease or condition.
  2. Focus on one aspect of patient or medical care (management, diagnosis or treatment).
  1. Articles about a new change, improvement or regulation and the current practice or standard on the chosen aspect.
  1. Evaluates why the new improvement is better than the current practice or standard.
  2. Defends the recommendation.

Each approach is unique to the type of paper you want to develop. For each approach, you must do a literature review. Literature review is NOT a summary of all the published literature collected for the specific subject. Literature review is a tool, not a goal. It is a step in each of the three approaches mentioned above. It contributes to the finished product but by no means constitute a thesis paper. Literature review provides the supporting documentation necessary to make your own interpretation in each approach. Literature review also determines whether the chosen approach can be developed into a thesis paper or another approach should be used on the same topic.

One common misconception is that one can summarize a published literature review article. This is not a thesis paper. Published literature review articles are written by experts in the field. They spend time collecting and referencing multiple published sources. These experts have also put their own analysis and interpretations about a specific subject in their papers. Mimicking published work done by experts does not constitute original work. Claiming this work as your own is plagiarism. To avoid plagiarism, consider the follow questions:

  • What is your contribution to this topic?
  • What have you contributed that is new?
  • What would any reader learn from this?
  • How does the literature review support your analysis and interpretation of the topic?
  • Can you produce a copy of your annotated bibliography?

If you can answer all these questions, plagiarism is not a problem. If any of the above questions cannot be answered, then look at the purpose, target audience and approach to help define the goal and direction of your thesis paper. If a reference is not in your annotated bibliography, do not use that source for your thesis paper. When in doubt, seek proper guidance from your professors or counselors before you start developing your thesis paper.

At this point, begin to work on the early steps of your Master’s thesis paper:

  1. Purpose
  2. Target audience
  3. Approach
  4. Search and collection of published peer-reviewed sources
  5. Literature review

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Master's thesis writing. OpenStax CNX. Apr 06, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11425/1.4
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