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Students and their teachers create the assessment criteria and/or tools so that they are meaningful and generate knowledge.For more on this subject, as well as example, click here .

Seamless and Ongoing

Instruction and assessment are integrated; assessment of the process and products occurs throughout the instruction.To read more about this subject, click here .

Authentic Assessment

Authentic assessment is geared toward assessment methods that correspond as closely as possible to real world experience.The instructor observes the student in the process of working on something real; provides feedback; monitors the student's use of the feedback; andadjusts instruction and evaluation accordingly. Authentic assessment takes this principle of evaluating real work into all areas of thecurriculum.


Assessments are meaningful, challenging experiences that involve presenting students with an authentic task,project, or investigation, and then observing, interviewing and/or examining their artifacts and presentations to assess what they actuallyknow and can do. For an example using mathematics, click here .

Suggested Reading:

Performance Assessment : A strong overview of the field.

PDF version of Performance Assessment below:

Performance Assessment:


When we hear the name, "portfolio," we often think of artists carrying around a large valise of their creations, or of abusiness-person carrying around a thin briefcase of financial papers. The portfolio in education is a powerful assessment technique, as well, andincludes evidence from one's work on major topics, successes, challenges, and questions. The key word is evidence that can show - far more than tests - what students know and what they need to do in order to improve.

What can be in a Portfolio?

  • Examples of best work; the range of work (from satisfying to unsatisfying work); work that shows growth.
  • Samples from each theme or unit or response to a large question.
  • Work displaying progress and the value of the course in moving the student along.
  • Evidence of insight - samples that show concepts being developed.
  • Student self reflections - why the student made certain choices; how the student believes s/he is doing; what s/he wants to do in order toimprove.

Portfolios and good questions

A good question, serving as the central core of a course, is best combined with a portfolio from individual students - or ateam - to demonstrate progress.

Here are some examples of core questions:

  • How much trash is produced in a day in your community? Students would collect and carry all of the trash they produce in a 24-hour period, thenorganize the trash into categories, report the environmental problems that exist with each type of trash, and find solutions forthese problems. They must then devise an advertising plan to increasepublic awareness about waste disposal. Finally, they must determine if they were correct in their calculations or in the effectiveness oftheir campaign.
  • A tractor has stopped running. Why? How can it be restarted again and made useful? Is it worth it? If the tractor were abandoned in favor ofsomething else to do the work, what would that be? How would it be accomplished? And, how could you use the old tractor for otherpurposes? Where would it go if you're not using it?

Examples of portfolios

Below is a general outline for a portfolio's contents:

  • Table of Contents.
  • A letter from student to the teacher explaining the contents.
  • Student reflections on his/her performance.
  • Best work and reason why the student has selected it.
  • Work the student is unsatisfied with, and reasons why.
  • Most improved work or work that shows growth.
  • Plan and commitment for improvement.

Porfolios are creative efforts and show the individuality of student work. They can take many forms and should tap intothe cultural themes of the students themselves. Consider, too, how the forms below may fit into your subject:

  • Museum exhibit
  • Oral history
  • Documents
  • Diaries
  • Songs
  • Stories
  • Dances
  • Rituals
  • Film
  • Drawing
  • Interviews
  • Three-dimensional art work

Recommended Reading: Using Portfolios in the Classroom

PDF File below

Using Portfolios in the Classroom

This article talks about the ability to use the Internet and computers to create and edit student portfolios.

To see an example of a science-related student portfolio, click here .

To see examples of teacher portfolios, click here .


Usually, you just click "Next" to go to the next page. When you finish a section, however, (as you're about to do when you finishreading these two paragraphs), you need to click on the "Outline" button, which is on the bottom, right-hand side of the page. Look underneath the bluebar and click on the word "Outline."

When you click on "Outline," a screen will come up that will show you the outline for Course 3. Look for the next section to read andclick on the first topic in that next section. For example, when you get to the outline now, look under the next section called "A-REEF: Reflection" andlook for the first topic in black lettering called "A Teacher's Story." Click on "A Teacher's Story."

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Course 3: assessment practices. OpenStax CNX. Mar 13, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10337/1.11
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