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21. Which type of glucose transporters are synthesized under the control of hypoxia inducing factor-1 inside the neurons?
A. GLUT2 and GLUT4
B. GLUT1 and GLUT3
C. GLUT5 and GLUT8
D. GLUT2 and GLUT7
E. GLUT5 and GLUT7
22. Which of the following glucose transporters can facilitate the release of glucose, galactose and fructose from the intestinal cells into the hepatic portal vein?
A. GLUT1
B. GLUT2
C. GLUT3
D. GLUT4
E. GLUT5
23. Patients can develop cataracts from the build-up of sugar alcohols inside the lens of the eyes. Which of the following enzymes has the capability to synthesize sugar alcohols from either excess glucose or galactose?
A. Fructokinase
B. Galactokinase
C. Aldose reductase
D. Phosphoglucomutase
E. Glucose-6-phosphatase
24. Which of the following hormones stimulates the synthesis of alpha-lactalbumin?
A. Prolactin and cortisol
B. Glucagon and epinephrine
C. Estrogen and progesterone
D. Testosterone and aldosterone
E. Thyroid and human placental lactogen
25. Which of the following classes of molecules make the composition of human breast milk unique from commercially based formulas?
A. Proteins
B. Fats
C. Vitamins
D. Carbohydrates
E. Immunoglobulins
26. Which of the following statements about the anticancer properties of glucuronides is INCORRECT ?
A. Inhibit beta-glucuronidase to prevent the release of carcinogens in the body.
B. Decrease the therapeutic effect of anticancer drugs administered to patients.
C. Increase the rate of glucuronidation reactions to clean toxic molecules faster.
D. Suppress cell proliferation, staging and metastasis by inducing cell apoptosis.
E. Effective in treating lung, skin, liver, breast, colon, bladder and prostate cancers.
27. A 6 year old boy’s lab results show: hypoglycemia, jaundice, hemorrhage, hepatomegaly, and hyperuricemia. He is diagnosed with fructose intolerance. Which of the following hepatic enzymes is defective in this patient?
A. Galactokinase
B. Triose Kinase
C. Hexokinase
D. Aldolase B
E. Fructokinase
30. A 6 month old female is failing to thrive. Lab results show: hypoglycemia and hyperketonemia. She is diagnosed with Lewis' Disease. Which hepatic enzyme is defective in this patient?
A. Debranching enzyme
B. Glycogen phosphorylase
C. Branching enzyme
D. Glycogen synthase
E. Glucose-6-phosphatase
31. Andersen's and Cori's Disease are two glycogen disorders that produces hypoglycemia and altered branches of glycogen in both the fed and fasting states, respectively. In which of the following tissues can these disorders be the main cause for hypoglycemia?
A. Muscle
B. Liver
C. Intestines
D. Kidneys
E. Heart
32. Which of the following shows the health benefits of insoluble fibers?
A. Form a gel that can be degraded by normal flora into gases
B. Slows the absorption of glucose; thus, regulating blood sugar levels
C. Prevents heart disease by reducing total and LDL cholesterol levels
D. Draws water inside the intestines softening the stool for regularity
E. Fiber fermentation produces short fatty acids for energy
33. Which of the following mechanisms IS NOT part of the process of glycogen degradation in the muscle cells?
A. Influx of calcium ions from nerve impulses
B. High levels of AMP from muscle contraction
C. Epinephrine binding to muscle cells beta receptors
D. Glucagon cAMP signal transduction cascade
E. Activation of glycogen phosphorylase
34. A 7 days old full-term male is losing weight. He vomits and has diarrhea everytime he ingests breast milk. Current lab results show: impaired liver function, hypergalactosemia, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, hyperaminoaciduria and high urinary galactitol levels. Which of the following defective enzymes would be consistent with this patient lab results?
A. Aldolase B
B. Galactokinase
C. Aldose reductase
D. UDP-glucuronyltransferase
E. Galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Biochemistry exercises. OpenStax CNX. Apr 06, 2016 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11386/1.4
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