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The nature of humanities and social science data

Digitizing the products of human culture and society poses intrinsic problems of complexity and scale. Thecomplexity of the record of human cultures—a record that is multilingual, historically specific, geographically dispersed, andoften highly ambiguous in meaning—makes digitization difficult and expensive. Moreover, a critical mass of information is oftennecessary for understanding both the context and the specifics of an artifact or event, and this may include large collections ofmultimedia content: images, text, moving images, audio. Humanities scholars are often concerned with how meaning is created,communicated, manipulated, and perceived. Recent trends in scholarship have broadened the sense of what falls within a givenacademic discipline: for example, scholars who in the past might have worked only with texts now turn to architecture and urbanplanning, art, music, video games, film and television, fashion illustrations, billboards, dance videos, graffiti, andblogs.

The archive of the University of Southern California’s USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History andEducation

is a good example of the value of critical mass or functional completeness.The tale of what happened to one or two families, in one or two villages, in one or two countries, during the Holocaust is worthrecording and disseminating. But we can gain far more knowledge from the record of some fifty-two thousand testimonies. In history,art history, classics, or any other scholarly enterprise that benefits from a comprehensive comparative approach, quantity canbecome quality.

The problems of digitizing cultural documents are multiplied when these documents have many audiences. Within thesocial sciences and humanities, there can be numerous subject specialists who want access to the same sources for differentreasons. For example, the Roman de la Rose Project, a stunning digital collection of the major illuminated manuscripts of theRoman de la Rose, a popular medieval literary work,

Johns Hopkins University and the Pierpont Morgan Library, Roman de la Rose (External Link) .
is used by literary scholars, art historians, linguists, social historians, andpreservation specialists, each of whom has a different disciplinary perspective and vocabulary. Students and the general public oftenuse such documents as well, and since those audiences want further contextualization, the data or evidence itself needs to carry,within itself, more self-description and more cues about the context in which it belongs.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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