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The National Defense Education Act, 1958 . This act established funds to improve instruction in mathematics, foreign language, and science which were considered important in the defense of the nation.

Child Rights Acts 1964 . This act was established to prevent discrimination in federally assisted programs and public accommodations and establishments, to protect constitutional rights in public facilities and public education, and start a Commission on Equal Employment Opportunity. Individuals could not be denied the right to vote in any Federal election based on a literacy test. This act also established the desegregation of public education and public facilities (http://public.findlaw.com/bookshelf-disability-rights-laws/anchor65310.html).

Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) 1965 . This act increase federal funds to improve science and mathematics. The act was established to help low-income families to ensure students acquired the academic skills necessary for jobs (Chapter 1) ( (External Link) ). The HeadStart program was initiated in 1965 to start 2000 centers to help low income preschool children to prepare them for regular school.

Rehabilitation Act Section 504 1973 PL 93-112 . This act extended funds to States for vocational rehabilitation with an “emphasis on those with the most severe handicaps” so they could gain employment. Further, the specific section 504 rules that no one may be excluded from participation in programs that receive financial assistance.

Individual with Disabilities Education Act 1975 PL 94-142 . This act required “public schools to make available to all eligible children with disabilities a free appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment appropriate to their individual needs.

( www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/osers/osep ). Emergency Immigrant Education Program Bilingual Immigrant Act of 1980 . This act was established to “assist State education agencies (SEAs) and local education agencies (LEAs) in providing supplementary educational services and offsetting costs for immigrant children enrolled in elementary and secondary public and nonpublic schools”. The targeted population was children who were not born in the any State, had been attending school in the States for less than three years, had limited English proficiency, and had lived in the United States for one to four years ( (External Link) ).

Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act PL 105-332 of 1984. This act defined the sequence of courses related to preparing individuals for employment. It included applied learning to “an individual’s academic knowledge, higher order reasoning, problem solving skills, and the occupational-specific skills”.

Individual with Disabilities Education Act PL 101-476 of 1990 . This act provided extended program for children with disabilities including program for transition services, services for children with emotional disturbance, research on attention deficit disorder, assistive technology services, rehabilitation services, counseling and social work services, services for children with autism and traumatic brain injury.

Questions & Answers

anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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