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George Bush gave his inaugural address on January 20, 1989 opening with a prayer. He gave a brief mention of education as “intellectual satisfaction, and needed by children as stated, “They (children) need our care, our guidance, and our education”. He also thanked the children who were watching in schools and implored them to remember that they were part of the nation ( (External Link) ).

William Clinton gave his inaugural address on January 21, 1993 with little mention of education but a recognition of poverty for many children. He also asked, “young Americans to a season of service—to act on your idealism by helping troubled children, keeping company with those in need, reconnecting our torn communities”. ( (External Link) ).

George W. Bush gave his inaugural address on January 20, 2001 with a few statements of children and education. He stated, “The ambitions of some Americans are limited by failing schools and hidden prejudice and the circumstances of their birth”. Further, he stated the “every child must be taught these principles” about the principles that unite for justice and opportunity. He then stated, “If we do not turn the hearts of children toward knowledge and character, we lose their gifts and undermine their idealism”. He followed with, “Together, we will reclaim America’s schools, before ignorance and apathy claim more young lives.” He further stated, “Government has great responsibilities for public safety and public health, for civil rights, and common schools”. He also stated, “And we find that children and community are the commitments that set us free” ( (External Link) ).

Barack Obama gave his inaugural address on January 20, 2009 with a few statements on education and children. He stated, “our schools fail too many”. Later, he stated, “And we will transform our schools and colleges and universities to meet the demands of a new age”. He further acknowledged “a parent’s willingness to nurture a child that finally decides our fate”.

The majority of the inaugural addresses did not mention education or prioritize education. Many presidents talked about the role of the government, taxes and the economy, relationships with other nations, the strength and growth of the United States, and the role of citizens, amendments, and democracy. It would appear from examining the presidential inaugural addresses in isolation that education was not at the forefront of the nation’s needs. Yet, there is the caution that the inaugural address is only one speech and should not be examined without looking at educational reforms of the different eras as well as legislative acts that impacted the educational reforms.

Education reform

This section is a short description of some reforms that impacted the public schools. Many school reforms have been studied including an examination of implementation. Most of the implementation studies on reforms have either been efficacy studies or effectiveness studies (O’Donnell, 2008). Rogers (2003) expressed that there is “no universal data collection tools that can be applied across a wide variety of fidelity for implementation studies. Further, Rogers (2003) pointed out that the flexible nature of innovations help a wider range of adopters and conditions thus leading to a greater degree of sustaining the reform. And yet, it is this flexibility that leads to the difficulty in comparing reforms. Fullan (2004) implied that the future of educational reform is determined by policy makers as well as consumers when there is a common purpose and the strong involvement of the leaders and teachers. This strong involvement of local educational leaders and teachers should be a collective action if the entire system is to learn and move forward (Fullan, 2004, p. 7). Goodman (1995) divided educational reforms into “waves” (p. 1) where the first wave of reform was based on the agricultural and rural society. The second wave was the industrial reform with decentralization of decision-making. The third wave of reform was based on information and technology changes.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
yes that's correct
I think
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
nanocopper obvius
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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