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Limitations

Limitations to this study were that primary sources were used in this study that included artifacts that had been digitized and therefore, the accuracy is dependent on the clarity of the source as well as an assumption that it was the actual document. Another limitation is that the connections were made from one person’s interpretations and there may be more than one interpretation for the discourse analysis.

Political legislative acts

Some of the legislative acts that have impacted the reform of public schools are, the Keating-Owen Child Labor Act 1916, the Smith-Hughes Act of 1917, the 19 th Amendment, the 1939, the Aid to Dependent Children Social Security Act of 1935, the GI Bill of 1944, the National Interstate Highway Act of 1956, National Defense Education Act of 1958, Child Rights Acts 1964, ESEA 1965, Rehabilitation Act Section 504 1973, Education of All Handicapped Children Act PL 94-142, Title IX Women’s Educational Equity Act, 1974, Education of All Children Act 1975 PL 94-142, Bilingual Immigrant Act of 1980, Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Technical Education Act PL 105-332 of 1984, Individual with Disabilities Education Act PL 101-476 of 1990, Goals 2000 Educate America Act 1994, and Elementary and Secondary Act 2001.

President’s inaugural addresses

The inaugural addresses of the following presidents led to the discourse analysis of the No Child Left Behind Act 2001.nation’s leaders in relation to public education: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson, Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Dwight Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Baines Johnson, Richard Milhous Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, William Clinton, George W. Bush, Barack Obama. According to Sarason (1993), President Thomas Jefferson was identified as the first education president (p. 2-3) and these twentieth and twenty-first century presidents’ speeches provided a glimpse into their initial thoughts on education. Their speeches provided a sense of the priorities for the United States as viewed from the presidential leadership in the context of the social and economic factors during the time of the speeches.

Theodore Roosevelt gave his inaugural address on March 4, 1905 with no mention of education. He did mention that we should leave our children and grandchildren a heritage and that this would require “practical intelligence”. His address presented peace and relationships among our citizens as well as the world (http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres42.html).

William Howard Taft gave the inaugural address on March 4, 1909 with no reference to education, except a brief statement about an “ignorant electorate”. This was in reference to the passing of the thirteenth and fourteenth amendments and that no longer allowed the exclusion of people from voting because they did not have an education; yet minimal information was shared on how people should be educated in order to not be an ignorant electorate. He did mention reform several times however, the reform related to railroads, industry, banking restrictions, taxes to fund the army, expenditures of the government, foreign trade, building the Panama Canal, tariffs, and rights of the negro race. His address was the longest address of those studied for this research ( www.vlib.us/amdocs/texts/31taft1.htm ).

Questions & Answers

current economic plans (MDGS) needs
Ajijola Reply
I don't know what is happening
surajkumar
What is economic
Joeali Reply
What is the importance of study economics
Wilma
Economic is the study of how humans make decisions in face of sacristy
Wilma
economics is the study of how humans makes decision in the face of scarcity
Kpienta
economics is the study of human behaviour when faced with difficult situation example when goods and services are scarcity.
Sydney
what is Economic
Dauda Reply
what is 4ps of economic?
thomas Reply
production place Price product
Benedict
Criticism of elasticity
Siddikur Reply
what is unemployment
Gyamfi Reply
ohk thanks
Gyamfi
why is unemployment rapid in the country
Gyamfi
I need more explanation
Odo
what is unemployment
Munanag Reply
not working
Bethel
some one who is willing qualified to work but can't find job
jackie
Bethel...explain? please
Abubakar
some one who is willing to work but can't find job
Hawa
Yes true
Brian
which one please
Hawa
unemployment refers to the ability for someone who is capable and willing to work but could not find a job..
Mnoko
some one who not able to find a job
Dennis
please what is the secret of learning?
thomas
What is stock market?
JOHN Reply
explain the various types of cost curve
Ruth Reply
Short-run average fixed cost (SRAFC) Short-run average total cost (SRAC or SRATC) Short-run average variable cost (AVC or SRAVC) Short-run fixed cost (FC or SRFC) Short-run marginal cost (SRMC) Short-run total cost (SRTC)
Romy
what's economic development and growth
Popoola Reply
what do you understand by Ceteris Paribus?
Gabriel Reply
the external factor will remained constant, except the price
Hasib
everything being equal
Chenwi
explain the uses of microeconomics
Nikita Reply
uses of microeconomics
Nikita
Adam Smith's definition of economics
Sylvia Reply
what is economic deficit
Amjad
this is a situation whereby a nation's outcome or available resources are not enough to the people thereby causing scarcity
Ariel
prices of Quality demanded is equal to Quality supplied
NABUBOLO Reply
it's quantity demand and quantity supplied that's called equilibrium
Romy
no
NABUBOLO
they deal With prices
NABUBOLO
define the elasticity
NABUBOLO
explain different types of elasticity
NABUBOLO
oops 😬 you are right you talk about quality I tell about quantity
Romy
elasticity is the measurement of the percentage change of one economic variable in response to a change in another
Romy
Cross Elasticity of Demand (XED) Income Elasticity of Demand (YED) Price Elasticity of Supply (PES)
Romy
anything else?
Romy
I need to know everything about theory of consumer behavior
Grace
Romy, what is microeconomic?
thomas
What is Economic please
Dauda
Thomas, microeconomics is the study of how consumers, workers, and firms interact to generate outcomes in specific markets
Kieran
Dauda, economics is the study of people and choices. it is on one side the study of wealth and on the more important side, a part of the study if man
Kieran
How does one analyze a market where both demand and supply shift?
Gabriel Reply
That's equilibrium market
Ramon
but an equlibrum can appear twice on the same market... both in Movement along the Demand/supply curve of shift in the Curve
Gabriel
I Mean on the same curve..
Gabriel
how can consumer surplus be calculated
Franklyn
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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