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Се дефинира поимот за интервал и се определуваат видови на интервали.

Интервали

Поимот интервал се воведува со следната

Дефиниција.

Нека a , b R size 12{a,b in R} {} и нека a < b . size 12{a<b "." } {} Множеството од сите броеви x R size 12{x in R} {} кои ја задоволуваат релацијата a x b size 12{a<= x<= b} {} се нарекува интервал и се означува со [ a , b ] . size 12{ \[ a,b \] "." } {}

Интервалот [ a , b ] size 12{ \[ a,b \] } {} се нарекува затворен интервал или сегмент бидејќи ги содржи и неговите крајни вредности a size 12{a} {} и b size 12{b} {} .

Ако крајните вредности a size 12{a} {} и b size 12{b} {} не му припаѓаат на интервалот т.е.

a < x < b size 12{a<x<b} {} ,

тогаш тој се нарекува отворен интервал и се означува со ( a , b ) size 12{ \( a,`b \) } {} .

Постојат и полуотворени и полузатворени интервали.

Интерва­лот

a < x b size 12{a<x<= b} {}

е полуотворен од лево и полузатворен од десно и се означува со ( a , b ] size 12{ \( a,`b \] } {} , додека интервалот

a x < b size 12{a<= x<b} {}

е полузатворен од лево и полуотворен од десно и се означува со [ a , b ) size 12{ \[ a,`b \) } {} .

Сите погоре наведени интервали се ограничени.

Бројот b a size 12{b - a} {} се нарекува должина на интервалот .

Постојат и неогра­ничени интервали, а такви се следните интервали:

a x <+ size 12{a<= x"<+" infinity } {}

или

[ a , + ) size 12{ \[ a,`+ infinity \) } {}

кој ги содржи сите реални броеви поголеми или еднакви на бројот a size 12{a} {} и овој интервал е затворен од лево а отворен од десно.

Отворениот интервал кој ги содржи реалните броеви поголеми од бројот a size 12{a} {} се означува со

a < x <+ size 12{a<x"<+" infinity } {}

или

( a , + ) . size 12{ \( a,+ infinity \) "." } {}

Аналогно на горенаведените интервали, интервалот кој ги содржи сите рални броеви помали или еднакви од b size 12{b} {} се означува со

< x b size 12{ - infinity<x<= b} {}

или

( , b ] size 12{ \( - infinity ,b \] } {} ,

додека интервалот со стриктно помали броеви од b size 12{b} {} се означува со

< x < b size 12{ - infinity<x<b} {}

или

( , b ) size 12{ \( - infinity ,b \) } {} .

Множеството од сите реални броеви се претставува со

< x <+ size 12{ - infinity<x"<+" infinity } {} ,

односно

( , + ) size 12{ \( - infinity `,`+ infinity \) } {}

и претставува отворен интервал и од лево и од десно и нему му кореспондираат сите точки од бројната права.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Воведни поими од математичка анализа. OpenStax CNX. Nov 01, 2007 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10475/1.1
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