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Expectations for tenure and promotion . Some institutions had very clear expectations for tenure and promotion while others were very vague. As mentioned earlier, one respondent had to fight for continuation in his position because of unclear policies. He stated, “We submit a portfolio annually and it’s supposed to have documentation of teaching, research and service.” This respondent had not been given a written copy of the tenure and promotion guidelines. Another respondent stated, “I didn’t know the expectations or the processes to remain.” However, this same respondent further elaborated on written information on tenure, “I knew what the tenure process was. We do a pretty good job about letting all faculty know.” Another respondent emphasized the importance of building relationships with current faculty members, even outside of any formal faculty mentoring program,

Building relationships if not a formal mentor is important. This can be done through co-authoring some works. I am an island by myself at the university because my specialization of school finance is not shared with anyone else in my department so I need to find others outside of my university to work with on this topic.

Time. Time has different meanings at the university level when compared to the PK-12 administration level. For some respondents the pace is slower. There is more flexibility in setting own schedules. One former superintendent stated, “I have a lot more time. I came from a high pressure and stressful job. The stress now is stress I bring on myself to do tenure things. I am interested in mathematics research.” Another respondent stated, “Most principals are concerned with the daily operations of a school. Moving into higher education is a slower pace and the daily responsibilities are very different”. Yet, time was discussed as the second most frequent challenge because new faculty felt there was not enough time to complete everything and some discussed the difficulty of budgeting their time in order to publish and prepare their portfolio for tenure.

Understanding the culture at some institutions was a challenge for many participants. This was the most frequent response given for challenges in the transition to higher education. One of the participants described it as, “Know the pecking order of your department.” Another participant offered a recommendation to take time to learn the culture. He stated, “Take some time assessing the situation. Those who appear to be your friend early on, usually aren’t.”

Job Satisfaction. Many new faculty to higher education explained job satisfaction as an individual satisfaction. Job satisfaction was determined as an independent focused part. The majority of our participants felt they were prepared to enter the field of higher education. One of the respondents mentioned, “You are on your own and you need to be self-disciplined.”

Mentorship . Most had some form of mentorship. At some of the institutions it was highly formalized while at others it was loose in structure. “Colleagues outside and inside the university helped me get started. My superintendent network was strong and I found help from the network established while I was a superintendent.” Another participant stated that he found the state and national affiliates to be helpful. One participant mentioned that their department had a writing group that helped each other. This participant expressed, “The writing group critiques and discussed our shared research articles. My mentor gave me ideas to use to start some research in my classroom. The university also had professional development opportunities in the area of research that was very helpful.” Another participant suggested that you find a mentor immediately to help navigate the position otherwise it can be very difficult.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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