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Within the past decade two comprehensive reviews of the literature studying mentoring programs in education have been published. Ehrich et al. (2004) published a structured analysis of 300 plus research-based articles on mentoring across three disciplines (education, business and medical) in an attempt to make valid inferences about the nature and outcomes of mentoring. Their review confirmed mentoring across the disciplines as an overwhelmingly positive experience for the mentor, the mentee (protégé), and the organization. They concluded, “mentoring has enormous potential to bring about learning, personal growth, and development for professionals” (p 536). Four years later, three authors traced the evolution of mentoring programs in the United States in business and academe. Their findings affirmed that “early and present day mentoring literature indicates that protégés, mentors, and organizations benefit from these learning relationships” (p. 557). Carr (as cited in Zellers, Howard,&Barcic, 2008) noted the literature also indicated that ‘faculty with mentors feel more confident than their peers, are more likely to have a productive research career, feel greater support for their research, and report higher career satisfaction' (p. 34).

Recent Peer Mentoring Pilot Programs . Recent university-sanctioned peer mentoring programs have been created to help bridge the gap between what people know, what they think they know, and what they ultimately need to know in order to be successful in their new position, especially in the area of research and publication. A group of non-tenured faculty at both the University of Alabama Birmingham (Searby et al., 2009) and Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (Karanovich, et al., 2009) lead peer mentoring pilot studies for non-tenured faculty members designed to assist junior faculty in satisfying the three basic psychological needs common to all of us as human beings: to be capable, contributing, and connected (Adler, 1930).

Both pilot programs proved successful in providing ongoing support and knowledge to the non-tenured faculty, increasing non-tenured faculty scholarly publications, and winning support of the institution’s administrators. The Support Network for Assistant Professors (S.N.A.P.) at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (Searby et al., 2010) and Thinking, Writing, Inquiring, and Learning (T.W.I.L) piloted at Southern Illinois University Edwardsville (Karanovich, Searby,&Rosnick, 2009) were structured peer mentoring programs designed to provide mutual support to non-tenured faculty. Participants, all non-tenured faculty members, felt the peer mentoring activities were helpful in answering their questions about tenure, promotion and scholarly work (Karanovich et al., 2009; Searby et al., 2010).

Phase i: lessons learned revisited

The Phase I Survey results affirmed there were many misperceptions of what the expectations and actual job duties are in higher education by those serving as administrators in PK-12 schools. The Phase I results helped to better inform those in PK-12 education looking to transition into academia. The results provided strategies to help aspiring professors to “better their chances” for success during the tenure process by starting early to establish a scholarly research agenda and consider opportunities to provide service to other school districts and the university community. Survey respondents recommended that seeking adjunct professor positions prior to making a complete transition could help the person seeking to make a career move into higher education better prepared by providing opportunities to teach adult learners, prepare syllabi, and design university level courses. It was also suggested that practitioners begin doing research within their own schools and publishing the results or consider partnering with a current university faculty member to serve as a co-author of a research study.

Questions & Answers

what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
what is hormones?
Wellington
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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