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Chapter [link] introduced the problem of designing l p FIR filters, along with several design scenarios and their corresponding design algorithms. This chapter considers the design of l p IIR filters and examines the similarities and differences compared to l p FIR filter design. It was mentioned in [link] that l p FIR design involves a polynomial approximation. The problem becomes more complicated in the case of IIR filters as the approximation problem is a ratio of two polynomials. In fact, the case of FIR polynomial approximation is a special form of IIR rational approximation where the denominator is equal to 1.

Infinite Impulse Response (or recursive ) digital filters constitute an important analysis tool in many areas of science (such as signal processing, statistics and biology). The problem of designing IIR filters has been the object of extensive study. Several approaches are typically used in designing IIR filters, but a general procedure follows: given a desired filter specification (which may consist of an impulse response or a frequency specification), a predetermined approximation error criterion is optimized. Although one of the most widely used error criteria in Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filters is the least-squares criterion (which in most scenarios merely requires the solution of a linear system), least-squares ( l 2 ) approximation for IIR filters requires an optimization over an infinite number of filter coefficients (in the time domain approximation case). Furthermore, optimizing for an IIR frequency response leads to a rational (nonlinear) approximation problem rather than the polynomial problem of FIR design.

As discussed in the previous chapter, a successful IRLS-based l p algorithm depends to a large extent in the solution of a weighted l 2 problem. One could argue that one of the most important aspects contrasting FIR and IIR l p filter design lies in the l 2 optimization step. This chapter presents the theoretical and computational issues involved in the design of both l 2 and l p IIR filters and explores several approaches taken to handle the resulting nonlinear l 2 optimization problem. [link] introduces the IIR filter formulation and the nonlinear least-squares design problem. [link] presents the l 2 problem more formally, covering relevant methods as a manner of background and to lay down a framework for the approach proposed in this work. Some of the methods covered here date back to the 1960's, yet others are the result of current active work by a number of research groups; the approach employed in this work is described in [link] . Finally, [link] considers different design problems concerning IIR filters in an l p sense, including IIR versions of the complex, frequency-varying and magnitude filter design problems as well as the proposed algorithms and their corresponding results.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Iterative design of l_p digital filters. OpenStax CNX. Dec 07, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11383/1.1
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