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Scholarship was so successful that classicists in the closing decades of the twentieth century shifted their focus away from editing and commentaries and more fully embraced the monograph-oriented publication culture of English and History. While we do find faculty at leading institutions who create editions and commentaries, most of these either work on less developed areas (e.g., Byzantine studies or less commonly read classical authors), or in areas such as papyrology, where new material needs to be edited and published, or came of age in the 1960s and 1970s. Thus a 2008 panel of the American Philological Association (APA) on “Critical Editions in the 21 st century,” organized by Cynthia Damon, included scholars who worked on papyri, Medieval Latin, Greek science, and Byzantine literature. James McKeown, an editor of Ovid, and Donald Mastronarde, an editor of Euripides, received their BAs in 1974 and 1971 respectively.

Classicists do not appreciate the amount of scholarly labor at their disposal. The Bryn Mawr Classical Review (BMCR) (External Link) . included 3,008 reviews in the five years beginning with 2005 and running through 2010—approximately 600 reviews each year. This figure was calculated by downloading the web pages for each year and counting all the entries except for the twelve monthly “books received” entries. Clearly, there will be some hastily produced works while others will reflect years of study. We might assume, conservatively, that the average item reflects one year of direct labor. For every dollar that we pay a faculty member, we need to assume a dollar for benefits (e.g., health care) and the complex overhead of running an institution of higher learning. If we assume $50,000 as a typical salary, then the cost of a year of academic labor is around $100,000. In other words, even if we ignore all the articles that classicists write and only consider those books that warrant reviews in BMCR, the 600 or so reviews each year represent, by a conservative estimate, more than $50 million dollars of labor.

Of 704 entries counted in the 2009 BMCR volume, a quick survey turned up only 28 for editions and commentaries—or around four percent of the total.

Another preliminary survey reinforced this figure. An analysis of 100 CVs (from a total of about 180) for a position in Philology advertised in the fall of 2009 revealed only three with an interest in producing editions and commentaries.

In effect, classicists as a group have made a cost/benefit decision to allocate less than approximately five percent of their labor to the production of editions and commentaries. Improving the print infrastructure for the fifty million words of Greek and Latin that survive in manuscript transmission through about 500 CE was not a high priority—the benefits were no longer great enough to justify much scholarly labor. Rather, we invested our energy in interpretive articles and monographs.

A number of factors have altered the cost and benefits of editing within the humanities. Each project participating in this workshop reflects, in varying ways, the subsequent recalculations of how to invest scholarly labor.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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