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Digital editing lowers barriers to access not only for our students but also for students of Greek and Latin beyond the traditional English-speaking and Western European centers of Classical studies. The University of Cairo maintains a well-established and flourishing Classics department—few North American or European institutions can, for example, boast an intermediate Classical Greek class with more than one hundred students. Instruction takes place in Arabic and the departmental website has no translation in English or any other European language. The Classicists at Cairo and elsewhere in the Arabic speaking world are familiar with scholarship in a range of modern languages, but few indeed of us in Europe or North America are able to read their Arabic publications.

If we are developing a digital edition with morpho-syntactic analyses, disambiguated people and places, and other categories of machine-actionable annotation, our knowledge of Greek and Latin and our understanding of Greco-Roman culture are the most important factors. A diagram of a sentence from Aeschylus looks the same whether the scholar who produced that analysis thinks in English, Arabic or Chinese. The problem of language emerges as we articulate our reasons for choosing that interpretation of the sentence—we may find ourselves constructing hypertextual arguments that emerge, as much as possible, from the way we select and structure evidence. We also need to address the challenge of writing for machine translation. This would benefit from an authoring environment that would prompt us to clarify salient ambiguities as we write (e.g., does “case” refer to a grammatical category or a criminal investigation?).

We have an opportunity to transform the community of scholarship and our ability to stimulate, from within the academy, the broad intellectual life of humanity. For Classics, we have an opportunity to create a global discipline that disseminates knowledge and stimulates debate about Greco-Roman antiquity across the linguistic and cultural barriers that we inherited from print culture.

What is to be done?

A great deal has been done over the past twenty-five years. We have established collections that have evolved over a number of years and long outlived initial grants and enthusiasm. Roger Bagnall, Allison Muri, Greg Nagy, and Kenneth Price have described disciplinary projects with overlapping needs. Alan Burdette, Charles Henry, Paolo D’Iorio, Penelope Kaiserlian, and Todd Presner have reported substantive progress towards an infrastructure that can support scholarly activities today and foster innovation over time. But we have a long way to go. We need to think on a far broader scale and move much further beyond our original disciplines if we are to realize the potential of this new medium. We are still far too fragmented and constrained by our disciplinary perspective or the traditions of publication that we have inherited. Much of what we say echoes what we could have heard a generation ago. All of us need to move beyond first-generation efforts and do a better job of transcending our own disciplinary boundaries.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
nanopartical of organic/inorganic / physical chemistry , pdf / thesis / review
Ali
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
hey
Giriraj
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
ya I also want to know the raman spectra
Bhagvanji
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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