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4) We need to shift from lone editorials and monumental editions to editors as … editors, who coordinate contributions from many sources and oversee living editions . Robinson 2010 makes a similar argument for needing to harness the contributions of hundreds or thousands in the process of making digital editions. We have vast amounts of work to be done as we create new generations of editions. Automated methods can detect patterns across the billions of words and hundreds of languages, but even automated methods often depend upon carefully curated data. We need diplomatic XML transcriptions of manuscripts and papyri. We need translations into modern languages, not only for human readers but also to support such automated methods as parallel text analysis. We need curated syntactic analysis for our treebanks. We have an endless supply of projects that are challenging but accessible to our students and that will increase in complexity as they move through their careers. They may start by analyzing sentences or distinguishing one Alexander from another but they can also begin to analyze linguistic, stylistic, intellectual, historical and other questions. We will—and must—depend upon a generation of fundamental scholarly work produced by our students, published online, linked to the passages on which they bear, and preserved indefinitely.

5) Digital editing lowers barriers to entry and requires a more democratized and participatory intellectual culture . The decentralization of editing is a necessity that has further consequences. A fall 2009 listing for a tenure track job welcomed “candidates who can support contributions and original research by undergraduates as well as MA students within the field of Classics.” This seemingly innocuous term flummoxed almost all of the 180 or so applicants to this position—most simply ignored it. Some had creative ideas but these were ideas they had developed themselves. The intellectual culture of Classical studies assumes a long apprenticeship model, with advanced graduate students working their way toward a point where they can publish articles in specialist journals and books in academic presses. Ruhleder 1995 offered a brief exploration of how digital publication and scholarship might challenge this tradition of apprenticeship in her larger consideration of the impact of the Thesaurae Linguae Graecae on classics as a discipline.

In a culture of digital editing, our students can begin contributing in tangible ways as soon as they can read Greek—first-year Greek students are already able to distinguish text from commentary in the digitized Venetus A manuscript of Homer. More information on this project can be found in Blackwell and Martin 2009. Intermediate students of Greek and Latin offer their own analyses of individual sentences for the Greek and Latin treebanks—contributions that are then compared against each other and then added to a public database, with the names of each contributing student attached to each sentence. This annotation model is explained further in Bamman, Mambrini and Crane 2009. These contributions can develop seamlessly into undergraduate and MA theses of real value and immediate use. When our students publish previously unpublished material or contribute to knowledge bases, we find ourselves in a participatory culture of active learning. Pale clichés about citizenship and democratization suddenly become tangible.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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