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1) Our editions can reach a larger audience . First and most obviously, we can provide much better physical access to editions and commentaries, disseminating across space and preserving them over time. See Bodard 2008 for some of the new opportunities of electronic publication and digital classics, with a particular focus on epigraphy. We are now—and have for years been—able to deliver the results of our work to a global audience—reaching hundreds of millions rather than thousands of locations. We also have in our institutional repositories a mechanism to preserve these editions over long periods of time—certainly providing far longer access than the ephemeral print runs common in traditional publication. The guarantor is not the medium—paper vs. digital—but the reorganization of our library priorities. The need for digital repositories and services that can both preserve and provide sustainable access to the wide range of digital objects now becoming available and the challenge this provides to the traditional models of research libraries is a widely discussed topic; for some recent work see ARL 2009 and Sennyey et al. 2008. We have the resources already in our library collection budgets to pay for dissemination and preservation. The questions are political and social rather than financial or technical.

2) A larger audience can make use of our editions . As we can see with the Advanced Papyrological Information System (APIS) (External Link) . and with the Homer Multitext Project, (External Link)&bdc=12&mn=1169 . digital representations in 2d and 3d of manuscripts, papyri, inscriptions and other written artifacts can provide better visual data than any print facsimile edition could match. For more on the use of APIS and papyrological collections online see Hanson 2001, and for the Homer Multitext Project see Dué and Ebbott 2009. We can, as Peter Robinson has long demonstrated, encode the textual data in machine-actionable forms that allow us to analyze and visualize variants with greater precision. For one of Robinson’s most recent discussions of the creation of digital editions, see Robinson 2009. We can link Greek and Latin editions to modern language translations, either produced for the edition or already published elsewhere. We can add as much explanatory material as we have the time to produce and as we consider useful, including visual and textual explanations, static images, and dynamic visualizations. We can align our primary sources with the material record, not simply as a source for illustrations but to provide contrasting views of the lived world on which the textual and material record shed light.

3) Systematic annotation transforms the editorial process, redefines what readers can expect, and enables editions to interact directly with much larger collections . Our ability to annotate our primary sources has so far outstripped what we could do in print that annotation has evolved into something qualitatively different. We have long had indices of places, but efforts such as the Hestia Project have created machine-actionable databases with which to analyze the spatial relations implicit in our sources. For millennia, students of Greek and Latin have patiently answered such questions as: “What is the main verb?” “What is the subject?” and “What noun does this adjective modify?” When we systematically record the syntactic dependencies into a database and create treebanks of syntactically-analyzed sentences, we can convert impressionistic statements such as “common in tragedy” or “rare in late prose” into statements that are quantifiable and transparent, because we can call up the treebank and examine the decisions behind the numbers. The Perseus Project has been developing a Latin Dependency Treebank since 2006, and work on an Ancient Greek Dependency Treebank began in 2008. Both treebanks can be downloaded from (External Link) . We have always embedded our syntactic interpretations in our print editions—each comma and period reflects our interpretation of the language. Now we can make those assumptions explicit and then use them to support new questions and research. For example, the Latin Treebank has been utilized in various projects, including the development of a dynamic lexicon (Bamman and Crane 2008a) and the automatic detection of textual allusion (Bamman and Crane 2008b). And, at the same time, the treebanks that support large-scale linguistic analysis can help the reader understand a complex sentence in Plato and thus expand the role that sentence can play in intellectual life. Here, as so often, we find the automated system and human observer interacting symbiotically, with each driving the other.

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
How we are making nano material?
what is a peer
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
What is STMs full form?
scanning tunneling microscope
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
How can I make nanorobot?
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
how can I make nanorobot?
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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