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This module is the complementary teacher's guide for the "Hypothesis Testing: Two Population Means and Two Population Proportions" chapter of the Collaborative Statistics collection (col10522) by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean.

The comparison of two groups is done constantly in business, medicine, and education, to name just a few areas. You can start this chapter by asking students if they have read anything on the Internet or seen on television any studies that involve two groups. Examples include diet versus hypnotism, Bufferin® with aspirin versus Tylenol®, Pepsi Cola® versus Coca Cola®, and Kellogg's Raisin Bran® versus Post Raisin Bran®. There are hundreds of examples on the Internet, in newspapers, and in magazines.

This chapter covers independent groups for two population means and two population proportions and matched or paired samples. The module relies heavily on technology. Instructions for the TI-83/84 series of calculators are included for each example. If you and your class are interested, the formulas for the test statistics are included in the text.

Doing problems 1 - 10 in the Homework helps the students to determine what kind of hypothesis test they should perform.

Matched or paired samples

A course is designed to increase mathematical comprehension. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the course, students are given a test before and after the course. The sample data is:

Before Course 90 100 160 112 95 190 125
After Course 120 95 150 150 100 200 120

Two proportions, independent groups

Suppose in the last local election, among 240 30-45 year olds, 45% voted and among 260 46-60 year olds, 50% voted. Does the data indicate that the proportion of 30-45 year olds who voted is less than the proportion of 46-60 year olds? Test at a 1% level of significance.

    Firm a:

  • N A = 20 size 12{N rSub { size 8{A} } ="20"} {}
  • S A = $ 100 size 12{S rSub { size 8{A} } =$"100"} {} X A ¯ = $ 1500 size 12{ {overline {X rSub { size 8{A} } }} =$"1500"} {}

    Firm b:

  • N B = 22 size 12{N rSub { size 8{B} } ="22"} {}
  • S B = $ 200 size 12{S rSub { size 8{B} } =$"200"} {} X B ¯ = $ 1900 size 12{ {overline {X rSub { size 8{B} } }} =$"1900"} {}

Test the claim that the average price of Firm A's laptop is no different from the average price of Firm B's laptop.

Calculator instructions

If you use the TI83/84 series, the functions are located in STATS TESTS. The function for two proportions is 2-PropZTest, the function for two means is 2-SampTTest if the population standard deviations are not known and 2-SampZTest if the population standard deviations are known (highly unlikely). The function for matched pairs is T-test (the same test used for test of a single mean) because you combine two measurements for each object into a single set of "difference" data. For the function 2-SampTTest, answer "NO" to "Pooled."

Assign practice

Have students do the Practice 1 and Practice 2 collaboratively in class. These practices are for two proportions and two means. For matched pairs, you could have them do Example 10-7 in the text.

Assign homework

Assign Homework . Suggested homework problems: 1 - 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 23, 25, 31, 39 - 52.

Questions & Answers

what is math number
Tric Reply
x-2y+3z=-3 2x-y+z=7 -x+3y-z=6
Sidiki Reply
Need help solving this problem (2/7)^-2
Simone Reply
x+2y-z=7
Sidiki
what is the coefficient of -4×
Mehri Reply
-1
Shedrak
the operation * is x * y =x + y/ 1+(x × y) show if the operation is commutative if x × y is not equal to -1
Alfred Reply
An investment account was opened with an initial deposit of $9,600 and earns 7.4% interest, compounded continuously. How much will the account be worth after 15 years?
Kala Reply
lim x to infinity e^1-e^-1/log(1+x)
given eccentricity and a point find the equiation
Moses Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Alexandra Reply
12, 17, 22.... 25th term
Akash
College algebra is really hard?
Shirleen Reply
Absolutely, for me. My problems with math started in First grade...involving a nun Sister Anastasia, bad vision, talking & getting expelled from Catholic school. When it comes to math I just can't focus and all I can hear is our family silverware banging and clanging on the pink Formica table.
Carole
I'm 13 and I understand it great
AJ
I am 1 year old but I can do it! 1+1=2 proof very hard for me though.
Atone
hi
Adu
Not really they are just easy concepts which can be understood if you have great basics. I am 14 I understood them easily.
Vedant
find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
If f(x) = x-2 then, f(3) when 5f(x+1) 5((3-2)+1) 5(1+1) 5(2) 10
Augustine
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
make 5/4 into a mixed number, make that a decimal, and then multiply 32 by the decimal 5/4 turns out to be
AJ
how
Sheref
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
hi
Ayuba
Hello
opoku
hi
Ali
greetings from Iran
Ali
salut. from Algeria
Bach
hi
Nharnhar
A soccer field is a rectangle 130 meters wide and 110 meters long. The coach asks players to run from one corner to the other corner diagonally across. What is that distance, to the nearest tenths place.
Kimberly Reply
Jeannette has $5 and $10 bills in her wallet. The number of fives is three more than six times the number of tens. Let t represent the number of tens. Write an expression for the number of fives.
August Reply
What is the expressiin for seven less than four times the number of nickels
Leonardo Reply
How do i figure this problem out.
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
I think if critical temperature denote high temperature then a liquid stats boils that time the water stats to evaporate so some moles of h2o to up and due to high temp the bonding break they have low density so it can be a reason
s.
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collaborative statistics teacher's guide. OpenStax CNX. Oct 01, 2008 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10547/1.5
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