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Objectives:

To appreciate the relationship between disasters and development

To learn how development can increase or decrease hazard vulnerability

Disasters can both destroy development initiatives and create development opportunities. Development projects can increase or decrease hazard vulnerability, and the development choices made can result in unequal distribution of disaster risk.

Example 1

Linda davis

Description of Principle: “ Natural disaster is intimately connected to the processes of human development” (United Nations Development Programme, 2004, p. 9).

Justification: Natural disasters are both impacted by and impact development processes. As noted by the United Nations Development Programme (2004), “Disasters triggered by natural hazards put development gains at risk. At the same time, the development choices made by individuals, communities, and nations can pave the way for unequal distributions of disaster risk” (p.9). Therefore, disaster mitigation must be considered in the process of development and in terming a community’s long-term needs. When working towards development in countries across the world, “resources, technologies and organizational processes should be inextricably linked to the quality of the environment and to meeting the people’s needs” (El-Masri&Tipple, 2002, p. 173). Disaster can trigger new development, but disaster mitigation techniques must be implemented as a country or community develops.

Social Work Relevance: Social workers have the opportunity to work towards “structural change and development consistent with mitigation” (Elliot, 2010, p. 103). Branches of social work that focus on human investment, social capital and microeconomics are ideal for advancing mitigation strategies within their services. The social development social work approach is “consistent with, is informed by, and encourages the application of current social work theories such as those outlined: empowerment practice, community assets approach, progressive social work, the ecological model, structural social work, social exclusion, feminist therapy, asset-based policies, and strengths-based practice” (Elliot, 2010, p. 103)

Related Definitions:

Social Development : a paradigm or perspective that has the capability of offering an extended role for social work in disasters including both micro- and macro-practice responses (Elliot, 2010, p. 91)

International Social Work: a branch of social work concerned with the development, administration, implementation, research, and evaluation- in and through global social institutions and organizations- of policies and programs that promote human rights, human diversity, the well-being and empowerment of people worldwide, and global and social and economic justices (Elliot, 2010, p. 94).

Disaster Risk Index (DRI): the first global assessment of disaster risk factors through a

country-by-country comparison of human vulnerability and exposure to three critical natural hazards: earthquake, tropical cyclones and flooding, and the identification of

development factors that contribute to risk (United Nations Development Programme, 2004, p. 10).

Natural hazards: natural processes or phenomena occurring in the biosphere that may constitute a damaging event and that in turn may be modified by human activities, such as environmental degradation and urbanization (United Nations Development Programme, 2004, p. 11).

Human vulnerability : a condition or process resulting from physical, social, economic and environmental

factors, which determine the likelihood and scale of damage from the impact of a given hazard (United Nations Development Programme, 2004, p. 11).

Coping capacity: the manner in which people and organizations use existing resources reactively, to limit losses during a disaster event (United Nations Development Programme, 2004, p. 11).

Illustrations:

A dog sitting on a bed
A dog sitting on a bed
A dog sitting on a bed

These pictures show how development practices can both reduce a community’s vulnerability to disaster or increase the vulnerability. Therefore, it is important for those working within development to consider the long-term effects of their work and those working in disaster management to consider how development might help reduce the risk for their community.

Example 2

Brodie mueller

Principle : Poverty and poor social structure does not cause disasters, but exacerbates their effects. (United Nations Development Programme (2004). Development at Risk. Pp. 9-28 (Chapter 1) in Reducing Risk: A Challenge for Development. )

Justification - Without people and society, there is no disaster, as a disaster is a community's inability to respond to a disaster. Sadly, there needs to be social development in order for it to be destroyed. They are always linked. However, when a society has poor infrastructure that is not organized well, a disaster will expose and take advantage of weaknesses.

Social Work Relevance - Poverty is a hard thing to fix, a hard thing to work with and a hard thing to work and live in. Many social workers are working to bring people out of poverty, and it is a long hard road. Disasters will happen along that road, and social workers need to understand that when disaster strikes, the impoverished will be hit harder as their poor infrastructure will be compromised. However, we cannot forget individual livelihood strategies and how powerful they are in impoverished life as well as their recovery.

Definition : Asset based community practice: identifying strengths and assets in

a community

Social Development: Process of planned social change designed to promote the well being of the population as a whole in conjunction with a dynamic process of

economic development. (Elliott, D. (2010). A social development model for infusing disaster planning, management, and response in the social work curriculum. Disaster Concepts and Issues. Pp.89-105.)

Illustration :

A dog sitting on a bed

Questions & Answers

How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
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Source:  OpenStax, Disaster and vulnerable populations. OpenStax CNX. Aug 09, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11340/1.1
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