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This module introduces the British Parliament and discusses how its papers can be a valuable resource for research projects.

PalaceOfWestminsterAtNight Photograph©Andrew Dunn, 29 September 2004.


The British Parliament is the legislative body of Government in the United Kingdom. It is an institution ofgovernment that can trace its roots back to the thirteenth century and beyond. Being a body of appointed and elected representativesof the British constituency, the Parliament itself can be seen as the institutional bridge between Medieval monocracy and moderndemocracy in Europe.

Here we will provide a brief introduction to Parliament and a guide to researching the records of its operationin the Parliamentary Papers. The Parliamentary Papers hold the documentation of detailed investigations performed by committees ofexperts, heated debates between the heads of state, and the legislative paths of governmental policies all responding tohistorical events in the UK and around the world for over five-hundred years. Thus the Parliamentary Papers can be an invaluable research source for projects investigating not only the history of Great Britain, but also of any country with which Englad had significant relations.

Taking a moment to learn a bit about what Parliament is and how it works will be extremely helpful throughoutyour research in the Parliamentary Papers. The following is a brief introduction to the workings of Parliament with links to morethorough explanations from the UK Parliament website . At any time during your research, if you should fine a term or concept that need further explanation,the UK Parliament website has thorough descriptions of what Parliament is and what Parliament does as well as an extensive glossary of related terms .

What is parliament?

The word parliament is derived from the English pronunciation (par-ley) of the French verb parler , meaning to speak. A parlement , in French, is a discussion, especially between enemies concerning the terms of resolving adispute. The Oxford English Dictionary provides a detailed examination of the etymology of the word Parliament .

The first English Parliament was formed during the reign of King Henry III in the thirteenth- century. Click here for adetailed account of the History of Parliament . In the United Kingdom, Parliament is a three tiered legislative system, composed of the House of Commons , the House of Lords , and the Monarch. It is the institution that introduces bills and passes them intolaws in the UK.

House of commons

The House of Commons is directly elected by British citizens. The political party that wins the most seats in an election forms the government, and the leader of that party becomes the Prime Minister. This House is responsible for introducing legislation that is then voted on and sent for approval to the House of Lords. Click here to have a look into the Chamber House of Commons .

House of lords

The House of Lords is a body of appointed representatives. This House is responsible for reviewing the Bills presented to it by the House of Commons before presenting them to the Monarch for official ratification. Have a look into the Chamber of the House of Lords .

Questions & Answers

what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Source:  OpenStax, Conducting research with the british parliamentary papers. OpenStax CNX. Jun 12, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10289/1.3
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