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Descriptive Statistics for Passing Rates in Reading and in Math for Hispanic Students and White Students for the 1994-1995 and 1993-1994 School Years
1994-1995 School Year n M SD
Reading Pass Rates
Hispanic Students 1,680 74.85 15.80
White Students 1,680 86.56 10.85
Math Pass Rates
Hispanic Students 1,677 67.31 17.87
White Students 1,677 80.85 13.74
1993-1994 School Year
Reading Pass Rates
Hispanic Students 1,688 72.12 15.19
White Students 1,688 85.73 10.79
Math Pass Rates
Hispanic Students 1,698 54.19 19.14
White Students 1,698 71.82 15.80

Reading. For the 16-year time period, the trend concerning the differences in passing rates in reading between Hispanic students and White students in elementary school revealed a continuous achievement gap. Passing rates in reading for White students averaged 6.73% to 30.87% higher than the average passing rates for Hispanic students over the 16-year time period. The differences in passing rates in reading between Hispanic students and White students were evident in the initial 1993-1994, 2002-2003, and 2004-2005 testing years. During the 1992-1993 school year within the state of Texas, differences may be explained with the transition of TAAS testing from the fall to the spring, as well as the implementation of the TAAS tests for students in grades 4 through grades 8, and a new accountability measure for districts and campuses alike (http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/resources/studies/testingtimeline.pdf).

Effect Sizes in Reading Over a 16-Year Time Period
Years M Difference d Effect Size Range
2008-2009 8.89 0.93 Large
2007-2008 8.46 0.93 Large
2006-2007 11.51 1.10 Large
2005-2006 11.89 1.41 Large
2004-2005 14.96 1.28 Large
2003-2004 13.28 1.18 Large
2002-2003 10.59 0.88 Large
2001-2002 4.06 0.58 Moderate
2000-2001 6.24 0.73 Moderate
1999-2000 8.54 0.84 Large
1998-1999 8.23 0.78 Near-Large
1997-1998 7.48 0.73 Moderate
1996-1997 10.95 0.93 Large
1995-1996 11.33 0.91 Large
1994-1995 11.71 0.79 Near-Large
1993-1994 13.61 1.03 Large

Differences in passing rates between Hispanic students and White students were also discernible during the 2002-2003 school year, which coincided with the signing of the No Child Left Behind Act. As mentioned previously, this law was enacted to bring stricter accountability for school campuses and districts, as well as 100% passing rates for all students by the 2013-2014 school year. The greatest difference in achievement between Hispanic students and White students was evident during the 2003-2005 school years. This wide discrepancy in passing rate between students corresponded with the administration of the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills test (http://ritter.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/resources/studies/testingtimeline.pdf). By the 2005-2006 school year, the mean difference between both groups began to decline and continued to decline through the 2008-2009 school year. The smallest gap occurred during the 2001-2002 school year (4.06%). Readers are referred to Figure 1 for the trend that was present concerning the difference in passing rates in reading between Hispanic students and White students in elementary school, across a 16-year time period.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, The achievement gap between white and non-white students. OpenStax CNX. Jan 10, 2012 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11402/1.4
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