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A social infrastructure that supports unlearning can be intentionally and effectively designed. Starbuck (1996) identified the essential characteristics of an “unlearning environment.” He believed that these unlearning environments should:

  1. Create dissatisfaction with mental models;
  2. Introduce new mental models as “experiments,” which reduces the fear of failure;
  3. State the desirable outcomes of exploring new mental models without expecting people to start applying the mental models, which, again, reduces the fear of failure;
  4. Encourage and consider dissent and dialogue;
  5. Reconcile differences between old and new mental models by seeking commonality and complimentarity;
  6. Encourage and actively seek the views of “outsiders”; and,
  7. Encourage people to be skeptical of all mental models, not just the old ones.

Constructing New Mental Models

The process of constructing new mental models is a knowledge-creation process. Nonaka and Takeuchi (1995) described a knowledge-creation process for organizations. The core elements of their knowledge-creation process are what they called tacit and explicit knowledge. Tacit knowledge is difficult to describe using words. It is often situated at an intuitive level. For example, a teacher may be “famous” for her ability to manage classroom behavior. But when asked to describe in words how and why she is so successful she replies, “I don’t know. I just do it.” Explicit knowledge, on the other hand, is easily described using words. For example, when asked how to solve a quadratic equation a mathematics teacher describes the formula and solution steps accurately and in detail.

Nonaka and Takeuchi’s knowledge creation process, as noted above, was created for use by organizations. Their methodology for creating organization-wide knowledge begins by engaging individual experts in structured activities to make their tacit expertise (their tacit knowledge) explicit. The “best” of that explicit knowledge is then transformed into organization-wide explicit knowledge (in other words it is shared throughout the organization). Then, steps are taken to embed that explicit organization-wide knowledge deep within the organization’s memory thus making it organization-wide tacit knowledge. The goal of this process is to create functional organization-wide mental models that are sustained.

Mindsets

Given their dominant paradigms and related mental models individuals, teams, and entire school districts begin to make up their minds about what works and what does not work and about what has merit and value and what does not. “Making up one’s mind” is another way of saying that a person’s mind is set. In other words, they have established a mindset. And, these mindsets are, in fact, really attitudes fueled by beliefs and values. These attitudes can be either positive or negative.

As a mindset hardens it creates a predisposition to think, believe, and do things in a particular way. Within a profession, mindsets are hammered in hard by the profession’s controlling paradigm and related mental models and the reward systems that reinforce them. Mindsets also create powerful incentives for individuals and groups to behave in ways that are congruent with the controlling paradigm and mental models.

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
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Source:  OpenStax, Paradigms, mental models, and mindsets: triple barriers to transformational change in school systems. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10723/1.1
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