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Dynamic equilibrium is not about standing in place or lack of motion. Dynamic equilibrium is about motion. But it is the motion of positive and negative forces working against each other, balancing each other out, and keeping everything basically locked in place. The consequences of dynamic equilibrium are reflected in the French adage, “The more things change, the more they stay the same.” As most of us have experienced in our lives, we produce change only to find ourselves reverting back to pre-change conditions. We lose 10 pounds, and gain it back (along with a few extra pounds). Educators create a new vision for their school districts, and they march to the tune of the old vision. The competing forces for and against change balance each other out and keep educators and their school systems in a relatively stable state of being.

Entropy, negentropy, and dynamic equilibrium create something in educators and their school systems that functions like an immune system in our bodies. Just as bodily immune systems fight off foreign substances, the metaphorical anti-change immune system powered by entropy, negentropy, and dynamic equilibrium holds educators and their school systems in place and blocks change (Kegan&Lahey, 2001, p. 6). This “immune system” is difficult to change because people are captives of their systems; or as Kegan and Lahey said, “We do not have them; they have us.” (p. 6)

Social “Infrastructure” Blocks Change in Mental Models

A school district’s social “infrastructure” is that collection of policies, procedures, organization culture, organization design, job descriptions, communication patterns, reward systems, among other things, that support life in an organization. Educators in school districts hold certain beliefs and specific mindsets that are hardened by beliefs and values. These mindsets are collectively built into the system’s social infrastructure. Educators then create and defend policies, procedures, decisions, and behaviors that support and reinforce their mindsets. Further, as educators interact, all of these mindsets are woven together to create a district-wide organization mindset that reflects what they think their district stands for and how they think it should function as a system. This organization-wide mindset then takes on a degree of rigidity that makes it very difficult for educators to think, believe, and do things in ways that do not align with the mindset (which is one of the key reasons why people resist innovative, “outside-the-box” ideas). Educators, therefore, often find it difficult to consider and adopt innovative ideas and it becomes challenging for them and their systems to change.

Sometimes organizations change in spite of their internal social infrastructure. Tushman, Newman, and Romanelli (1986) commented on this phenomenon by observing that organizations develop over long periods of convergent, incremental change that are punctuated by brief periods of “frame-breaking change” (another term for transformational change). They suggested that frame-breaking change occurs in response to or in anticipation of major changes in an organization’s environment. Starbuck (1996), however, believed that frame-breaking change happened differently. He suggested that big changes happen when people and organizations unlearn their old mental models and then suddenly undertake breathtaking change to enact their new mental models; that is, change is a revolutionary response to a dramatic and sudden disorienting dilemma (Mezirow, 2000) that motivates people to examine critically their thinking, believing, and doing. This “revolutionary response” is also known as punctuated equilibrium (Eldredge&Gould, 1972).

Questions & Answers

what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
How can I make nanorobot?
Lily
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
how can I make nanorobot?
Lily
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
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Source:  OpenStax, Paradigms, mental models, and mindsets: triple barriers to transformational change in school systems. OpenStax CNX. Jun 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10723/1.1
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