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As the state reduces its own expenditure on non-personnel costs, parents are forced to make a larger financial contribution to schools resulting in an increased burden on parents [Kallaway (2008; 189)]. This view is supported by Marishane and Botha (2004; 97) who state that the provision of education for all without parents and communities having to share the cost would not be affordable (for the state) given the resources made available for education by the state.

The South African Schools Act Section 39 [School Fees at Public Schools]; Section 40 [Parent's Liability for Payment of School Fees]and Section 41 [Enforcement of Payment of School Fees] further enunciate the obligations of the parents:

39. (1) Subject to this Act, school fees may be determined and charged at a public school only if a resolution to do so has been adopted by a majority of parents attending the budget meeting

39. (2) a resolution contemplated above must provide for-

39. (2) (a) the amount of fees to be charged; and

39. (2) (b) equitable criteria and procedures for the total, partial or conditional exemption of parents unable to pay school fees.

40. A parent is liable to pay the school fees determined in terms of section 39 unless he or she has been exempted from payment.

41. The governing body of a public school may by process of law enforce the payment of school fees by parents who are liable to pay.

Table 4 below indicates the norms and standards budget allocation made by the state to public schools over the past four years. The year 2006 serves as the base year when quintiles were standardized throughout the country – even though there is an increase in monetary terms (+/- 5%) the allocation has decreased in real terms, that is the purchasing power of the increased allocation has actually decreased as the increase in the states allocation to schools has not kept up with the rate of inflation.

Table 4: Norms&Standards Allocation (2006 – 2009)
Quintile Allocation (in Rand)
2006 2007 2008 2009
1 703 738 775 807
2 645 677 771 740
3 527 554 581 605
4 352 369 338 404
5 117 123 129 160
Source: Clarke (2008; 297) Adapted and Updated

In the light of the current global economic recession the National Treasury has reduced its budgetary allocation to provinces by 7,5% directing the Department of Education to reduce its budget to schools by 7,5% as well [KZN Circular 50 (2009; 1)]. The KwaZulu-Natal Department of Education has resolved to absorb a bigger part of the reduction and reduce the budget to each school by only 1,5% across the board from quintile 1 to quintile 4 resulting in the revised budget allocation for the 2009/10 financial year as shown in table 5:

Table 5: Revised Norms&Standards Allocation (2009)
Quintile Allocation (in Rand)
Target Revised
1 807 795
2 740 729
3 605 596
4 404 398
Source: KZN Circular 50 of 2009

The state has taken cognisance of the global economic recession and has addressed the perceived consequences of the recession via the unnumbered KZN Circular dated 27 May 2009 entitled “No fee Schools 2010/2011.” According to KZN Circular 27/05 (2009; 1) the DoE has extended the no fee school band to Quintile 3 schools for the 2010/2011 financial year. Quintile 3 schools will be funded at the target amount of seven hundred and eighty four rand (R784) per learner per annum in the 2010/2011 (next) financial year – representing a 31, 5% increase. The South African Schools Act has also taken cognizance of the state’s predicament and through Section 36 [Responsibility of the Governing Body] mandates the governing body to supplement the states allocation:

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
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da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Financial management of schools. OpenStax CNX. Nov 16, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11137/1.1
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