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Institutions might (initially) prioritise administrative software over pedagogically inspired technology and resources. Learners the reverse, and educators needboth. FLOSS packages for both of these functions are gradually being integrated.

Efforts to localise software may lead to redesign and development of completely new systems after analysing the local needs.

Creating one’s own educational resources, relevant to the local context, may prove easier and more effective than re-using resources obtained from elsewhere.

Priorities may be viewed from a global level. For example, FLOSS and open content show great promise towards the “Education for All” goal ( UNESCO and others), and are key enablers towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals .

A3. what are the motivators and barriers to floss adoption?


In South Africa, after some lobbying by technical people with an understanding of the broader implications, the motivation for FLOSS adoption in government wasdriven top-down. The intention is to release funds previously earmarked for software licensing for use in capacity development and for addressing other development needs, while developingthe local ICT industries and effecting self-determination (at least in terms of the software we use). The following documents were produced as part of the process:

  • 2002 Open Software&Open Standards in South Africa: A Critical Issue for Addressing the Digital Divide (External Link)
  • 2003 Using open source software in the South African government: a proposed strategy compiled by the Government Information Technology Officers’ Council (External Link)
  • 2004 Free/Libre and Open Source Software and Open Standards in South Africa: A Critical Issue for Addressing the Digital Divide (External Link)
  • 2005 Declaration on the South African National Strategy on Free and Open Source Software and Open Content (“National Open Source Strategy”) (External Link)
  • 2007 Policy on Free and Open Source Software use for South African government (External Link)

However, some government departments have gone ahead of this process and conducted partial FLOSS migrations of their own. I expect this type of “do what isneeded” will continue with innovative individuals leading in response to the needs of the communities they serve.

Motivation at other levels typically relate to improved software development processes, greater flexibility and reduced licensing costs.

A key motivator implicit in this posting is to do the right thing.


The barriers to FLOSS adoption were discussed previously (see posting by Pat Masson). More generally, in terms of participation in the knowledge society, using currenttechnology, there are several building blocks which reflect part of the challenge we face for maximum impact:

  1. Basic literacy - learn to read, ideally in one’s own language.
  2. Computer literacy - e.g. mouse, keyboard, files and folders, …, or the equivalent features on a cell phone, etc.
  3. Using office software - for employability.
  4. Content (co-)creation - localisation and creation of multimedia knowledge resources.
  5. Sharing resources.
  6. Engaging in decision making processes at higher levels.

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Collaborative learning and the open educational resource movement. OpenStax CNX. Apr 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10693/1.1
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