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Those institutional innovations are the “cyberinfrastructure” advocated by the following pages. We aregrateful to the National Science Foundation and to Dan Atkins, who chaired the NSF Advisory Panel on Cyberinfrastructure that issuedin 2003 a report on the subject, for giving the term currency and meaning. (Dr. Atkins also served as an adviser to the ACLSCommission.) In addition to the “Atkins report,” the NSF commissioned a report on the cyberinfrastructure needs of the morequantitative social sciences.

Francine, Berman and Henry Brady, “Final Report: NSF SBE-CISE Workshop on Cyberinfrastructure and the SocialSciences” www.sdsc.edu/sbe/ .
With the publication of Our Cultural Commonwealth, which concerns the humanities andinterpretive social sciences, we now have all of the fields of the arts and sciences in common cause.

ACLS’s earlier reports focused within the academy and concerned the potential of new information technologiesto empower research on traditional objects of study. That orientation is the starting point for this effort, and the evidencethere is compelling. But the widespread social adoption of computing is transforming the very subjects of humanistic inquiry.In 2006 most expressions of human creativity in the United States—writing, imaging, music—will be “born digital.” Theintensification of computing as a cultural force makes the development of a robust cyberinfrastructure an imperative forscholarship in the humanities and social sciences. Political scientists must take account not only of polling data, but of theblogesphere. Architectural historians must be able to analyze computer-aided design. What we once called “film studies”increasingly will be research on digital media. If these materials are to be preserved and accessible, if they are to be searched andanalyzed, we must have the human and institutional capacities called for in this report.

Many thanks are in order. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation provided essential resources: the Foundation’s financialsupport made the report possible, and the advice and counsel of Program Officer Donald J. Waters helped refine it. Manyinstitutions extended themselves in providing venues for the public sessions that helped form the report: the New York Public Library;Northwestern University; the University of California, Berkeley; the University of Southern California; the Research LibrariesGroup; the Institute of Museum and Library Services. Numerous scholarly leaders gave presentations to the Commission, and manyothers submitted comments on earlier drafts of this report. I wish to express thanks also to Abby Smith, who served first as SeniorEditor and subsequently as an adviser to the Commission; to Marlo Welshons, the report’s editor, who worked tirelessly yet cheerfullyto bring together the words and ideas of the report’s many authors and reviewers; and to Sandra Bradley, who helped maintain the Commission’s own infrastructure.

This report addresses its recommendations to college and university leaders, to funders, to scholars, and to thepublic that ultimately supports the scholarly and educational enterprise. It is heartening to know that some of therecommendations of the report already are being acted upon. With the support of the Mellon Foundation, ACLS has begun offeringDigital Innovation Fellowships designed to advance digital scholarship and to exemplify the infrastructure necessary forfurther advances. Chairman Bruce Cole’s announcement of the Digital Humanities Initiative of the National Endowment for the Humanitiesis especially promising. One early fruit of that initiative is a new partnership between the Endowment and the Institute for Museumand Library Services to help teachers, scholars, museums, and libraries work together to advance digital scholarship and presentit to the widest possible public. The John D. And Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation has begun a major new effort to understand anddevelop digital technologies for learning in early education. We can hope that other foundations and funders will join the MellonFoundation in extending that focus to higher education. The ACLS remains committed to continuing its work in this area through thedirect support of scholars and by cooperating with our member societies in hopes of providing leadership in this rapidly changingdomain.

“Commonwealth” is defined both as “a body or number of persons united by a common interest,” and as the “publicwelfare, general good or advantage.” With this report the former meaning, as represented by the Commission and ACLS, presents aframework for action that, we believe, will advance the latter, the general good.

Pauline Yu

President

American Council of Learned Societies

Questions & Answers

Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, "our cultural commonwealth" the report of the american council of learned societies commission on cyberinfrastructure for the humanities and social sciences. OpenStax CNX. Dec 15, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10391/1.2
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