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Henley implies here that Wilde flaunts his sexuality through the very physique of The Sphinx , despite retaining “enough for Mrs. Grundy and the suburbs.” Mrs. Grundy, a character in Thomas Morton's play Speed the Plough (1798), was by the mid-nineteenth century widely considered a personification of prudery and conventionalpropriety. But Henley’s judgments here are colored not merely by barely concealed homophobia: for by figuring Wilde’s “case” as that of the“bookie” or “fancy goods” trader, Henley also exposes Wilde’s artistic pretensions to the harsh light of “business,” reducing a work over which Wildeand Ricketts had labored for years to a carefully calculated, even crude, work of commerce. This was precisely the kind of reaction that Wilde had feared fromthe British press, and to a writer eager to be taken as a poet, not merely an author (to invoke the distinction made by Wilde in signing his contract), itmust have been especially disturbing. But in truth Henley’s review exposes fault lines at the heart not merely of Wilde’s work but of aesthetic art and writinggenerally; for as the critic Jonathan Freedman has observed, aesthetes such asWilde and Henry James participated in a market economy, particularly in “the commodification of art and literature wrought by such an economy,” even as theycritiqued or refused it through what Freedman terms their “professionalization of literary and artistic practice” (Freedman, xii). By some lights, The Sphinx seemed nothing more than a carefully- packaged commodity, designed to yield the maximum profit for its author andpublishers, even as it obscured its own commodity status behind the language of art, decoration, and poetry. Henley’s point was underscored a few months later by a short notice of the large-paper issue whichappeared, under the byline “Mr. Wilde’s `Expensive Book,’” in the American periodical Munsey’s Magazine : “While almost everybody is crying for cheap books, Mr. Oscar Wilde is sending out alament that it is impossible to buy an expensive book any more. So he has written one. It is called ‘The Sphinx,’ and it is a poem. Twenty five copiesonly have been printed, and they are sold, or are to be sold, for thirty dollars apiece. The book is illustrated by Mr. Charles Ricketts, and is, as a matter ofcourse, an ideal book from the printer's point of view.” After giving “a sample of Mr. Wilde's idea of an ‘expensive’ poem,” Munsey’s commented only “if anybody wants to give Mr. Wilde thirty dollars, this is an opportunity to do so. He is taking up acollection for current expenses” (“Oscar Wilde’s ‘Expensive Book,’” Munsey’s Magazine , Feb. 1895 [12:5], 551). Munsey’s was one of very few notices of The Sphinx to appear in America in Wilde’s lifetime.

Henley’s review typifies the generally hostile reception with which The Sphinx was met in the popular press in Britain. But a contrasting reaction can be detected in thepages of British art magazines, as Wilde had predicted. The most important voice in this respect is that of Gleeson White, one-time editor of The Studio , and later (before his early death in 1898), an important spokesman for illustration as an art form in its own right.Initially White contented himself merely with reproducing Ricketts’s cover design for The Sphinx in the course of a wide-ranging, illustrated, scholarly essay in which White held up Ricketts’scover designs generally as epitomizing the principles governing “The Artistic Decoration of Cloth Book-Covers.” This was not the first occasion on which White praised Ricketts’s work in print. See White“Decorative Illustration,” 182. But in 1896 White published an important essay-length study of Ricketts’s work in which he paved the way fortwentieth-century appreciations of Ricketts as one of the most important designers of the fin de siècle . Here White treated Ricketts’s visual designs for The Sphinx not as secondary or peripheral but as integral elements of the total book, not any the less expressive of “imagination” and “artistry” forRicketts’s self-conscious concern to adhere to decorative or “conventional” principles:

Questions & Answers

What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
what school?
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
sciencedirect big data base
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, The sphinx. OpenStax CNX. Apr 11, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11196/1.2
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