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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Test PDF eBook: 
NU 589 Quiz Yamane
Download Nursing NU589 Test PDF eBook
10 Pages
English US
Educational Materials

Sample Questions from the NU 589 Quiz Yamane Test

Question: Comprehension: A nurse receives a patient from triage that has reportedly taken an overdose of Xanax. The nurse should anticipate giving what medication to reverse the overdose?




Vitamin K


Question: Knowledge: The 6 rights of medication administration include the correct:


Medication, Dose, Time, Route, Patient, Documentation

Patient, Medication, Dose, Date, Documentation, Route

Path, Medication, Dose, Time, Route, Patient

Date, Route, Medication, Dose, Patient, Time

Question: Knowledge: Sublingual nitroglycerin onset of action occurs in ___min and duration of action is ___min:


5 – 6 min; 1 – 2 hours

2 – 3 min; 0.5 – hour

15 – 30 min; 2 –4 hours

0.5 – 1 min; 15 – 30 min

Question: Application: The nurse is preparing a dose of Tylenol for a pediatric patient. The ordered dose is 10mg/kg and the child weighs 15 kg. The correct dose to give the child is:






Question: Evaluation: A nurse calls to evaluate the effectiveness of the lithium a person with bipolar disorder was prescribed. The nurse should have the patient follow up immediately if he is experiencing:






Question: Analysis: When a patient verbalizes the risks associated with an upcoming procedure she is demonstrating her right to






Question: Application: A nurse correctly demonstrates preparation to give Dilantin via IV by collecting the following items:


Filter, IV tubing, saline flush, cardiac monitor

IV tubing, D5W, saline flush, filter, cardiac monitor

IV tubing, D5W, cardiac monitor

IV tubing, saline flush, cardiac monitor

Question: Comprehension: The nurse recognizes that a patient who takes warfarin needs further education when he states,


“It is important to get my labs drawn on schedule”

“I will contact my doctor if I notice increased bleeding or bruising”

“I can’t wait to get home and have some of my wife’s home cooked turnip greens”

“I will change to an electric razor”

Question: Synthesis: When discharging a patient’s to manage a new medication the nurse should assess the following:


The patient’s socioeconomic status

The patient’s insurance plan

The patient’s ability to understand the directions

If the patient has a ride to the pharmacy

Question: Comprehension: The nurse understands that valsartan lowers blood pressure by:


Increase ventricular contractions

Prevents the influx of calcium


Increasing the heart rate

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Sheila Lopez
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