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HST.131: Introduction to Neuroscience MCQ

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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

The course will span modern neuroscience from molecular neurobiology to perception and cognition, including the following major topics: anatomy and development of the brain; cell biology of neurons and glia; ion channels and electrical signaling; synaptic transmission, integration, and chemical systems of the brain; sensory systems, from transduction to perception; motor systems; and higher brain functions dealing with memory, language, and affective disorders.

This exam contains 80 questions each worth 1 point.

Exam PDF eBook: 
HST.131: Introduction to Neuroscience MCQ
Download Neuroscience MCQ Exam PDF eBook
62 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the HST.131: Introduction to Neuroscience MCQ Exam

Question: The thalamic fasciculus contains fibers merging from the:

Choices:

ansa lenticularis + cerebellum

lenticular fasciculus + ansa lenticularis

lenticular fasciculus + cerebellum + thalamus

lenticular fasciculus + ansa lenticularis + basal ganglia

ansa lenticularis + lepticular fasciculus + cerebellum

Question: The major location of noradrenaline-producing neurons in the brain is the:

Choices:

pars compacta of the substantia nigra

pars reticulata of the substantia nigra

locus ceruleus

raphe nuclei

nucleus accumbens

Question: A lesion in the left medial lemniscus:

Choices:

produces loss of pain and temperature sense on the left side of the body

produces loss of pain andt emperature sense on the right side of the body

produces loss of vibration and position sense on the left side of the body

produces loss of vibration and position sense on the right side of the body

produces loss of auditory information from the right ear

Question: Occlusion of an anterior cerebral artery would most likely lead to:

Choices:

contralaterahl omonymoush emianopsia

contralaterala rmw eakness

contralateraleg weakness

Wernicke's aphasia

contralateralf acial weakness

Question: The paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei:

Choices:

produce releasing hormones which diffuse into the hypophyseal portal system

project to the posterior pituitary

lead to the production of LH and FSH

make hormones which eventually reach the anterior pituitary

each produce only one hormone: ADH

Question: The majorsourceof inputsto the caudatenucleusis

Choices:

globus pallidus

subthalamic nucleus

putamen

association areas of the cortex,like prefrontal cortex

motorand somatosensory cortex

Question: Hemisection of the spinal cord (Brown-Sequard syndrome) most often results in signs below the lesion best described as:

Choices:

ipsilateral paralysis and contralateral loss of pain and temperature

ipsilateral paralysis and contralateral loss of light touch and position sense

contralateral paralysis and ipsilateral loss of pain and temperature

contralateral paralysis and ipsilateral loss of light touch and position sense

contralateral paralysis and bilateral loss of pain and temperature

Question: Fibers originatingin the dorsal root ganglia above T6 travel in:

Choices:

the ipsilateral Clark's column

the ipsilateral spinothalamic tract

the contralateral spinocerebellar tract

the ipsilateral fasciculus gracilis

the ipsilateral fasciculus cuneatus

Question: Which of the statements about the deep cerebellar nuclei is correct?

Choices:

output from the dentate nucleus projects to ipsilateral V ANL of thalamus

globose and emboliform nuclei send axons in the superior cerebellar peduncle

fastigial nucleus efferents exit primarily via the superior cerebellar peduncle

the lateral cerebellar hemispheres project primarily to the fastigial nuclei

the vermis projects primarily to the dentate nuclei

Question: Choroid plexus can usually be found in:

Choices:

anterior (frontal) horn of lateral ventricle

inferior (temporal) horn of lateral ventricle

floor of the third ventricle

floor of the fourth ventricle

cauda equina

Question: A patient presents with marked weakness of his left arm, but he refuses to believe that his arm is paralyzed. When asked to copy a picture, using his right hand, he fails to accurately represent the left side of the image. His lesion is most likely in the:

Choices:

left frontal lobe

left occipital lobe

left parietal lobe

right parietal lobe

right frontal lobe

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Source:  Corey, David. HST.131 Introduction to Neuroscience, Fall 2005. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/health-sciences-and-technology/hst-131-introduction-to-neuroscience-fall-2005 (Accessed 12 Apr, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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