NCE: Groups


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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Quiz PDF eBook: 
NCE: Groups
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100 Pages
English US
Educational Materials

Sample Questions from the NCE: Groups Quiz

Question: A group has


a membership which can be defined

some degree of unity and interactions

a shared purpose

all of the above

Question: A group is classified as secondary. The implies that


it is preventive and attempts to ward off problems

a difficulty or disturbance is present

two therapists are utilized

all of the above

Question: Group norms


exist only in encounter groups

exist only in career counseling groups

are not related to group cohesiveness

govern acceptable behavior and group rules

Question: Which theorist's work has been classified as a preface to the group movement




Jessie B. Davis


Question: The term group therapy was coined in 1931 by


Frank Parsons, the Father of guidance

Jacob Moreno, the Father of psychodrama

E.G. Williamson, associated with the Minnesota Viewpoint

Fritz Perls, the Father of gestalt therapy

Question: In the 1940s the two organizations for group therapy were created:




the American Society for Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama and the American Group Psychotherapy Association


Question: Group content refers to material discussed in a group setting. Group refers to


analysis of the unconscious

analysis of the ego

the T-group paradigm

the manner in which discussions and transactions occur

Question: When comparing a tertiary group with a primary or secondary group


the tertiary focuses less on individual members

the tertiary focuses more on the here-and-now

the tertiary is less likely to deal with severe pathology

the tertiary is more likely to deal with sever pathology

Question: Primary groups are


preventive and attempt to ward off problems

always follow a person-centered paradigm

generally utilized for long term pyschotherapy

always focused on the client's childhood

Question: Group therapy initially flourished in the United States due to


Freud's lectures in this country

a shortage of competent career counselors

a shortage of individuals therapists during WWII

pressure from nondirective therapist pushing encounter groups

Question: Prior to the 1960s most counseling took place


in a group setting

with the entire family present

in a dyadic relationship

in a Behavior Therapy clinic

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