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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Quiz PDF eBook: 
NCE: Appraisal
Download NCE Ch 08 Quiz PDF eBook
100 Pages
2015
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the NCE: Appraisal Quiz

Question: The _______ index indicates the percentage of individuals who answered each item correctly.

Choices:

dif?culty

critical

intelligence

personal

Question: A short answer test is a(n) _______ test.

Choices:

objective

culture free

forced choice

free choice

Question: The NCE is a(n) _______ test.

Choices:

free choice.

forced choice

projective

intelligence

Question: A true/false test has _______ recognition items.

Choices:

similar

free choice

dichotomous

no

Question: The National Counselor Exam (NCE) is a(n) _______ test because the scoring procedure is speci? c.

Choices:

subjective

objective

projective

subtest

Question: A test format could be normative or ipsative. In the normative format

Choices:

each item depends on the item before it.

each item depends on the item after it.

the client must possess an IQ within the normal range

each item is independent of all other items.

Question: A client who takes a normative test

Choices:

a. cannot legitimately be compared to others who have taken the test.

b. can legitimately be compared to others who have taken the test

c. could not have taken an IQ test.

d. could not have taken a personality test.

Question: In an ipsative measure the person taking the test must compare items to one another. The result is that

Choices:

a. an ipsative measure cannot be utilized for career guidance.

b. you cannot legitimately compare two or more people who have taken an ipsative test.

c. an ipsative measure is never valid.

d. an ipsative measure is never reliable

Question: Appraisal can be de? ned as

Choices:

the process of assessing or estimating attributes.

testing which is always performed in a group setting.

testing which is always performed on a single individual.

a pencil and paper measurement of assessing attributes.

Question: . A test can be de?ned as a systematic method of measuring a sample of behavior. Test format refers to the manner in which test items are presented. The format of an essay test is considered a(n) _______ format.

Choices:

subjective

objective

very precise.

concise

Question: Short answer tests and projective measures utilize free response items. The NCE and the CPCE uses forced choice or so-called _______ items.

Choices:

vague

subjective

recognition

numerical

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