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Although the power of STM imaging has been demonstrated, imaging of molecules themselves is still often a difficult task. The successful imaging of the IBM work was attributed to selection of a heavy atom. Other synthetic organic molecules without heavy atoms are much more difficult to be imaged under STM. Determinations of the mechanism of molecular motion is another. Besides imaging methods themselves, other auxiliary methods such as DFT calculations and imaging of properly designed molecules are required to determine the mechanism by which a particular molecule moves across a surface.

Herein, we are particularly interested in surface-rolling molecules, i.e., those that are designed to roll on a surface. It is straightforward to imagine that if we want to construct (and image) surface-rolling molecules, we must think of making highly symmetrical structures. In addition, the magnitudes of interactions between the molecules and the surfaces have to be adequate; otherwise the molecules will be more susceptible to slide/hop or stick on the surfaces, instead of rolling. As a result, only very few molecules are known can roll and be detected on surfaces.

Surface rolling of molecules under the manipulation of stm tips

As described above, rolling motions are most likely to be observed on molecules having high degree of symmetry and suitable interactions between themselves and the surface. C 60 is not only a highly symmetrical molecule but also readily imageable under STM due to its size. These properties together make C 60 and its derivatives highly suitable to study with regards to surface-rolling motion.

The STM imaging of C 60 was first carried out at At King College, London. Similar to the atom positioning experiment by IBM, STM tip manipulation was also utilized to achieve C 60 displacement. The tip trajectory suggested that a rolling motion took into account the displacement on the surface of C 60 . In order to confirm the hypothesis, the researchers also employed ab initio density function (DFT) calculations with rolling model boundary condition ( [link] ). The calculation result has supported their experimental result.

Proposed mechanism of C 60 translation showing the alteration of C 60 ... surface interactions during rolling. a) 2-point interaction. The left point interaction was dissociated during the interaction. b) 1-point interaction. C 60 can pivot on surface. c) 2-point interaction. A new interaction formed to complete part of the rolling motion. a) - c) The black spot on the C 60 is moved during the manipulation. The light blue Si balls represent the first layer of molecules the silicon surface, and the yellow balls are the second layer.

The results provided insights into the dynamical response of covalently bound molecules to manipulation. The sequential breaking and reforming of highly directional covalent bonds resulted in a dynamical molecular response in which bond breaking, rotation, and translation are intimately coupled in a rolling motion ( [link] ), but not performing sliding or hopping motion.

Questions & Answers

Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe
anyone know any internet site where one can find nanotechnology papers?
Damian Reply
research.net
kanaga
sciencedirect big data base
Ernesto
Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
hi
Loga
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Good
advantages of NAA
Sai Reply
how I can reaction of mercury?
Sham Reply

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Source:  OpenStax, Physical methods in chemistry and nano science. OpenStax CNX. May 05, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10699/1.21
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