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Nano applications and technology

Growth and development of nanotechnology has exploded over recent years, though as shown in [link] , below this trend was lead by the United States with a massive increase in patenting activity starting in the mid 1990s (Huang et al. 2004).

A plot of the publications from the top nanotechnology countries by year (Huang et al. 2004).

To date, nanotechnology has seen selective application in high-end products, most of which is within high-performance applications for the automotive and aerospace sectors.

Having established this presence in performance engineering applications, nanotechnology is now becoming embedded within IT applications such as microprocessors and memory chips built using new nanoscale processes (Lux Research, 2004). By 2014 it is projected that 50% of electronics and IT will incorporate nanotechnology (Lux Research 2004).

Although Bio-Life Science is currently the leading sector in nanotechnology development, the rate of innovation across all sectors is significant. Other technological fields that experienced rapid growth in patenting activity in 2003 were those relating to transistors and other solid-state devices, semiconductor device manufacturing, optical waveguides, and electric lamp and discharge (Huang et al. 2004). [link] shows an overview of sectoral breakdown of nanotechnology. It is worth noting that sectors such as Materials and Chemicals are in effect enablers for broader sectors, and integrate into the supply and value chains of other sectors. (OSTP 2005). Examples of such materials are carbon nanotubes and quantum dots, which have applications in all sectors.

Target industries for companies involved in R&D, manufacture, sale, and use of nanotechnology in 2004 (total number of companies = 599). Source (EmTech 2005).

Industrially it has been shown that the leading participants in nanotechnology development are the large-scale industrial actors such as IBM, Intel, and L’Oreal, reflecting the complex and expensive nature of development (EmTech 2005).

In terms of economic impact it is projected that 11% of total manufacturing jobs worldwide will involve manufacture of products incorporating nanotechnology. This will have a result in a paradigm shift in requirements upon supply chains and shift the nature of competition by introducing radical new entrants. This shift is set to accelerate as mass production processes are developed and the cost of materials is driven down, making product opportunities more viable.

Nano market growth

Although the most ambitious, potentially world-changing nanotechnology applications are still in development, marketplaces associated with nanotechnologies are already forecasted to be worth billions and are projected to exceed $2.6 trillion within 15 years (Texas Nanotechnology Report, 2008).

Global

Due to the potential impacts of nanotechnology, there has been, and is, a strong global interest across governments, business, venture capitalists, and academic researchers. From the period of 1997 to 2005, approximately $18 billion were invested globally in nanotechnology by national and local governments (Cientifica 2006). Governments in the United State, Japan, and Western Europe are among top global nano technology spenders, with global collective governmental spending annually some ~$4.6 billion. This represents just under 50% of total expenditure with the remainder coming from major corporations including a minor proportion from venture capitalists (Lux Research, 2008). However, despite the initial lead of the United States in nanotechnology investment it is now been overtaken by Europe for government expenditure and by Asia for corporate investment (Nano Report, 2006).

Questions & Answers

where we get a research paper on Nano chemistry....?
Maira Reply
what are the products of Nano chemistry?
Maira Reply
There are lots of products of nano chemistry... Like nano coatings.....carbon fiber.. And lots of others..
learn
Even nanotechnology is pretty much all about chemistry... Its the chemistry on quantum or atomic level
learn
Google
da
no nanotechnology is also a part of physics and maths it requires angle formulas and some pressure regarding concepts
Bhagvanji
Preparation and Applications of Nanomaterial for Drug Delivery
Hafiz Reply
revolt
da
Application of nanotechnology in medicine
what is variations in raman spectra for nanomaterials
Jyoti Reply
I only see partial conversation and what's the question here!
Crow Reply
what about nanotechnology for water purification
RAW Reply
please someone correct me if I'm wrong but I think one can use nanoparticles, specially silver nanoparticles for water treatment.
Damian
yes that's correct
Professor
I think
Professor
Nasa has use it in the 60's, copper as water purification in the moon travel.
Alexandre
nanocopper obvius
Alexandre
what is the stm
Brian Reply
is there industrial application of fullrenes. What is the method to prepare fullrene on large scale.?
Rafiq
industrial application...? mmm I think on the medical side as drug carrier, but you should go deeper on your research, I may be wrong
Damian
How we are making nano material?
LITNING Reply
what is a peer
LITNING Reply
What is meant by 'nano scale'?
LITNING Reply
What is STMs full form?
LITNING
scanning tunneling microscope
Sahil
how nano science is used for hydrophobicity
Santosh
Do u think that Graphene and Fullrene fiber can be used to make Air Plane body structure the lightest and strongest. Rafiq
Rafiq
what is differents between GO and RGO?
Mahi
what is simplest way to understand the applications of nano robots used to detect the cancer affected cell of human body.? How this robot is carried to required site of body cell.? what will be the carrier material and how can be detected that correct delivery of drug is done Rafiq
Rafiq
if virus is killing to make ARTIFICIAL DNA OF GRAPHENE FOR KILLED THE VIRUS .THIS IS OUR ASSUMPTION
Anam
analytical skills graphene is prepared to kill any type viruses .
Anam
Any one who tell me about Preparation and application of Nanomaterial for drug Delivery
Hafiz
what is Nano technology ?
Bob Reply
write examples of Nano molecule?
Bob
The nanotechnology is as new science, to scale nanometric
brayan
nanotechnology is the study, desing, synthesis, manipulation and application of materials and functional systems through control of matter at nanoscale
Damian
Is there any normative that regulates the use of silver nanoparticles?
Damian Reply
what king of growth are you checking .?
Renato
What fields keep nano created devices from performing or assimulating ? Magnetic fields ? Are do they assimilate ?
Stoney Reply
why we need to study biomolecules, molecular biology in nanotechnology?
Adin Reply
?
Kyle
yes I'm doing my masters in nanotechnology, we are being studying all these domains as well..
Adin
why?
Adin
what school?
Kyle
biomolecules are e building blocks of every organics and inorganic materials.
Joe

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Source:  OpenStax, Nanomaterials and nanotechnology. OpenStax CNX. May 07, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col10700/1.13
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