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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Muscle and Pancreas Bio Path quiz
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21 Pages
English US
Educational Materials

Sample Questions from the Muscle and Pancreas Bio Path quiz Exam

Question: ___________ peaks more slowly and stays elevated longer than __________ for muscle injury.




Question: Stress response typically result in + urine glucose . True /False




Question: CK can be falsely elevated with hyperbilirubinemia. True /False




Question: What is going on in the following test results from a 3 yr old horse which appears weak and reluctant to move? AST 910 ( normal 185- 300) CK 450 ( normal 130-470) Check all that apply


Acute and continuing hepatocyte damage

Acute muscle damage

Previous muscle damage which has ceased

This horse is anorexic

Kidney failure

Question: Data from a horse with red urine: Serum Color: light yellow Serum CK : 10,120 USG 1.035 Urine blood/hemoglobin reagent strip : 3+ Urine Sediment : normal The best explanation for this red urine is.....


Hemoglobinuria due to hemolytic process in blood

Hematuria with subsequent osmolality

Hematuria with laboratory error from a Vet Student texting while reading the sediment . Need to be cautious when texting and reading urine samples at the same time.


UTI result in false positive on the test strip

Question: Which of the following does not cause hypoglycemia?



Hepatic failure

Decreased Insulin levels


Pregnancy Toxemia/ketosis

Question: Which of the following does not cause hyperglycemia?





Post prandial

Diabetes Mellitus

Question: ___________ does not precipitate causing the hemoglobin urine dipstick to remain + .




Question: Which of the following decreases blood glucose levels?





Growth Hormone


Question: 11 yr old FS lab preseted for intermittent weakness , one seizure Chem Panel : Low glucose 38 (normal 65) BUN 13 (normal) Creat (normal) Phos (normal) Ca (normal) TP (normal) Insulin Assay : 37 (normal 5-20) Why does this dog have high insulin levels despite hypoglycemia?


This dog is septic

This dog has Cushings

This dog has pregnancy toxemia

This dog has insulinoma

This dog is experiencing an excitement response

Question: CK will be elevated in severely anorexic dogs. True/ False




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