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Photo of a snarling dog.
This dog is exhibiting the restlessness and aggression associated with rabies, a neurological disease that frequently affects mammals and can be transmitted to humans. (credit: modification of work by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

Few diseases inspire the kind of fear that rabies does. The name is derived from the Latin word for “madness” or “fury,” most likely because animals infected with rabies may behave with uncharacteristic rage and aggression. And while the thought of being attacked by a rabid animal is terrifying enough, the disease itself is even more frightful. Once symptoms appear, the disease is almost always fatal, even when treated.

Rabies is an example of a neurological disease caused by an acellular pathogen. The rabies virus enters nervous tissue shortly after transmission and makes its way to the central nervous system, where its presence leads to changes in behavior and motor function. Well-known symptoms associated with rabid animals include foaming at the mouth, hydrophobia (fear of water), and unusually aggressive behavior. Rabies claims tens of thousands of human lives worldwide, mainly in Africa and Asia. Most human cases result from dog bites, although many mammal species can become infected and transmit the disease. Human infection rates are low in the United States and many other countries as a result of control measures in animal populations. However, rabies is not the only disease with serious or fatal neurological effects. In this chapter, we examine the important microbial diseases of the nervous system.

Questions & Answers

what is haemaophilus influenzae
GALI Reply
what is the different between eubacteria and archaer bacteria
GALI
what the important of dna
Yunusa Reply
it act as hereditary material, coding for proteins and guide for life processes such as development reproduction etc
khan
liver is the largest organ of the body
maryam Reply
differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes
Taiwo Reply
Eukaryotic cells contain membrane-bound organelles, such as the nucleus, while prokaryotic cells do not.
Margo
hello
usman
margo calvi....its your simple difference
Sadiqur
likely objective questions
Naa
what is largest Organ in the body
Dr
Skin is the largest organ in the body
Yadav
heart is the largest organ of the body
usman
liver is the largest organ in the body
maryam
liver is the largest organ in the body
maryam
skin
Janet
skin
Elyas
bilharzia
Elyas
i need formation
Elyas
liver is the largest organ in the body
maryam
Skin is the largest
Amin
skin
Amin
give me the name of good microbiology books to download
Shahid Reply
thank u
Shahid
bacteriology encyclopedia
Mzafar
Who invented microbes?
manor Reply
Which year did Robert koch invented the microbes?
manor
Robert Koch
Matilda
Antony Van Leeuwenhoek invented microbes through a designed single lensed microscope.
Mohamed
what is microbiology
Nyoik Reply
microbiology is the study of micro organisms. this can be multicellular,unicellular & acellular
Janet
what is the difference between DNA/RNA
kanaaLka
DNA is a double stranded molecule while RNA is a single stranded molecule
Lovely
who is the inventor of microscope
Alberta
What are antibodies?
Happy Reply
they are immune cells that are released by immune system to fight strangers like microbes
Ahmed
a blood protien produce in response to an counteracting a specific antigen
Pooja
Why salmonella typhi is harmful protozoan?
Saily Reply
because make typhoid that is considered as a food born illness
Ahmed
Name any five modes of transmission.
Happy
what are the scientific names and common names of some microbes
Rich Reply
Staphylococcus aureus - staph Streptococcus pyogenes - strep Botulism - Clostridium botulinum Rocky Mountain spotted fever - Rickettsia rickettsii Diphtheria - Corynebacterium diphtheriae Gonorrhea - Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Tammy
what are the limitations of the Koch's postulate
Naa
how a microorganism growth.
Zubair Reply
Is foetus a parasite to his or her mother? if yes and if no ho
Mashauri Reply
y
Yusri
yes
Yashkin
yes
Zubair
yes it a parasite to the mother because it feeds on the mother for survival
Beatrice
yes
Redwan
no
Elasha
definition of a parasite: an organism that lives in or on an organism of ANOTHER species (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the other's expense
Elasha
no because an organism can inky be a parasite if it causes harm to its HOST. And the fetus does not cause harm to its mother under normal conditions
aliyu
yes
Naa
what is biosensor in microbiology
Raja Reply
What are biosensor
Raja
what's are biosensor
Raja
what is microbiology defination
Rinku Reply
microbiology is the study of small or manuit organisms which cannot be seen with our nacked eyes unless with the aid of the microscope
Brandina
is the study of living organisms which are not directly visible to a direct eye but can only be seen under a microscope
Ipa
ok
Ipa
microbiology is the study of living organisms of microscopic size it is also the study of micro organisms with their form structure reproduction psychology metabolism and classification
Priyanka
ok
Aminu
Microbiology are the study of microorganisms either microscopic or sub microscopic creaters mainly unicellulars, multicellulars and subcellulars. Such as protozoa,bacteria and viruses.
Rana
it is the biological study of viruses, fungi, protozoa, bacteria which in collective name are called micro organisms, unlike microscopic organisms being invisible, that requires a magnifications with the help of a microscope.
Mohamed
is the branch of science that deals with the study of micro and microorganism and there life cicle
GALI
right...
Latif
what are the importances of Microbiology?
Erick Reply
don't know
SINGLE
we obtained the insulin from the bacteria. and some microorganisms are decomposer in ecosystems.
Zubair
nitrogen in the air is fixed into the soil by microbes example is nitrobactor
Matilda
yes
Zubair

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Source:  OpenStax, Microbiology. OpenStax CNX. Nov 01, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col12087/1.4
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