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Chapter 0: Introduction to sociology 2e

Preface Read Online

About openstax

OpenStax is a non-profit organization committed to improving student access to quality learning materials. Our free textbooks are developed and peer-reviewed by educators to ensure they are readable, accurate, and meet the scope and sequence requirements of modern college courses. Unlike traditional textbooks, OpenStax resources live online and are owned by the community of educators using them. Through our partnerships with companies and foundations committed to reducing costs for students, OpenStax is working to improve access to higher education for all. OpenStax is an initiative of Rice University and is made possible through the generous support of several philanthropic foundations.

About this book

Welcome to Introduction to Sociology 2e , an OpenStax resource created with several goals in mind: accessibility, affordability, customization, and student engagement—all while encouraging learners toward high levels of learning. Instructors and students alike will find that this textbook offers a strong foundation in sociology. It is available for free online and in low-cost print and e-book editions.

To broaden access and encourage community curation, Introduction to Sociology 2e is “open source” licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license. Everyone is invited to submit examples, emerging research, and other feedback to enhance and strengthen the material and keep it current and relevant for today’s students. You can make suggestions by contacting us at

To the student

This book is written for you and is based on the teaching and research experience of numerous sociologists. In today’s global socially networked world, the topic of sociology is more relevant than ever before. We hope that through this book, you will learn how simple, everyday human actions and interactions can change the world. In this book, you will find applications of sociology concepts that are relevant, current, and balanced.

To the instructor

This text is intended for a one-semester introductory course. Since current events influence our social perspectives and the field of sociology in general, OpenStax encourages instructors to keep this book fresh by sending in your up-to-date examples to so that students and instructors around the country can relate and engage in fruitful discussions.

General approach

Introduction to Sociology 2e adheres to the scope and sequence of a typical introductory sociology course. In addition to comprehensive coverage of core concepts, foundational scholars, and emerging theories we have incorporated section reviews with engaging questions, discussions that help students apply the sociological imagination, and features that draw learners into the discipline in meaningful ways. Although this text can be modified and reorganized to suit your needs, the standard version is organized so that topics are introduced conceptually, with relevant, everyday experiences.

Changes to the second edition

Part of the mission of the second edition update was to ensure the research, examples and concepts used in this textbook are current and relevant to today’s student. To this end, we have rewritten the introduction of each chapter to reflect the latest developments in sociology, history and global culture. In addition to new graphs and images, the reader of the second edition will find new feature boxes on a diverse array of topics, which has been one of the goals of the update—bringing the world into greater focus through case studies on global culture.

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Pre Employment English Proficiency Exam
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Sample Questions from the Pre Employment English Proficiency Exam Quiz

Question: Determine if the sentence is using a Transitive or an Intransitive verb: In 1847, Abe Lincoln gave his first speech as a member of the House of Representatives.




Question: Determine the correct form of the verb using the time indicators as reference: Hundreds of photographs _____ to make a one minute film everyday in 1900's


was needed

were needed

is needed

are needed

Question: Select the best answer: The movie was __________ the book.



as good

good as

as good as

Question: Select the best answer: Eli's hobbies include jogging, swimming, and __________.


to climb mountains

climb mountains

to climb

climbing mountains

Question: Select the word or phrase that is incorrect: Takeshi swimmed one hundred laps in the pool yesterday.






Question: Select the word or phrase that is incorrect: When our vacation, we plan to spend three days scuba diving.






Question: Select the word or phrase that is incorrect: Mr. Feinauer does not take critical of his work very well.






Question: Select the best answer: Alicia, __________ the windows please. It's too hot in here.





will opened

Question: Select the best answer: Juan___________ in the library this morning.


is study


is studying

are studying

Question: Select the best answer: Eli's hobbies include jogging, swimming, and __________.


to climb mountains

climb mountains

to climb

climbing mountains

Question: Determine the type of Figure of Speech that best fit the sentence: Samantha and I sat in chairs that ha been set up near the table.






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