Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2010 Final

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Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. (credit "background": modification of work by Nattachai Noogure; credit "top left": modification of work by U.S. Navy; credit "top middle-left": modification of work by Peter Shanks; credit "top middle-right": modification of work by "devinf"/Flickr; credit "top right": modification of work by Alejandra Quintero Sinisterra; credit "bottom left": modification of work by Gabriel Rocha; credit "bottom middle-left": modification of work by Caleb Roenigk; credit "bottom middle-right": modification of work by Staffan Scherz; credit "bottom right": modification of work by Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team)

Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of 46. While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago (Sacks, 2007). James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words. His former girlfriend’s name tastes like rhubarb (Mundasad, 2013). John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However, while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him. Soon thereafter, Nash was diagnosed with schizophrenia and admitted to a state-run mental institution (O’Connor&Robertson, 2002). Nash was the subject of the 2001 movie A Beautiful Mind . Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work? And what is the connection between the brain’s internal processes and people’s external behaviors? This textbook will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions.

References

American Board of Forensic Psychology. (2014). Brochure . Retrieved from http://www.abfp.com/brochure.asp

American Psychological Association. (2014). Retrieved from www.apa.org

American Psychological Association. (2014). Graduate training and career possibilities in exercise and sport psychology. Retrieved from http://www.apadivisions.org/division-47/about/resources/training.aspx?item=1

American Psychological Association. (2011). Psychology as a career. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/education/undergrad/psych-career.aspx

Ashliman, D. L. (2001). Cupid and Psyche. In Folktexts: A library of folktales, folklore, fairy tales, and mythology. Retrieved from http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/cupid.html

Betancourt, H.,&López, S. R. (1993). The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American psychology. American Psychologist , 48 , 629–637.

Black, S. R., Spence, S. A.,&Omari, S. R. (2004). Contributions of African Americans to the field of psychology. Journal of Black Studies , 35 , 40–64.

Bulfinch, T. (1855). The age of fable: Or, stories of gods and heroes . Boston, MA: Chase, Nichols and Hill.

Buss, D. M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 12 , 1–49.

This course is a survey of the scientific study of human nature, including how the mind works, and how the brain supports the mind. Topics include the mental and neural bases of perception, emotion, learning, memory, cognition, child development, personality, psychopathology, and social interaction. Students will consider how such knowledge relates to debates about nature and nurture, free will, consciousness, human differences, self, and society.
Exam PDF eBook: 
Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2010 Final
Download Psychology2010 Final Exam PDF eBook
50 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Introduction to Psychology MCQ Exam 2010 Final Exam

Question: Neuroimaging studies have revealed atypical function or structure in particular brain regions associated with particular psychiatric diseases. Disturbance of the _________ is associated with schizophrenia; _______ is associated with depression; _______ is associated with obsessive-compulsive disorder; and _____ is associated with ADHD.

Choices:

prefrontal cortex; subgenual cingulate; basal ganglia; caudate and putamen

subgenual cingulate; caudate and putamen; prefrontal cortex; basal ganglia

basal ganglia; caudate and putamen; subgenual cingulate; prefrontal cortex

caudate and putamen; basal ganglia; prefrontal cortex; subgenual cingulate

Question: Adaptive physiological changes that occur in response to acute stress include all of the below EXCEPT

Choices:

suppression of cardiovascular tone

suppression of digestion

suppression of immune system

suppression of growth

Question: Age influences patterns of cognitive and memory performance. Which of these is NOT true according to research studies?

Choices:

older adults show a disproportionate decline in memory for negative pictures

children exhibit more false memories than adults

children are less future oriented than adults

young children have less loss aversion than adults in decision making

Question: The probability that if one identical (monozygotic) twin is diagnosed with schizophrenia, so will the other twin is

Choices:

90%

50%

10%

1%

Question: Which brain regions have been associated with (1) greater risk for PTSD in war and (2) physical pain and the social pain of exclusion?

Choices:

(1) hippocampus and cingulate cortex; (2) amygdala

(1) cingulate cortex; (2) amygdala and hippocampus

(1) amgygdala and cingulate cortex; (2) hippocampus

(1) hippocampus and amygdala; (2) cingulate cortex

Question: Age influences specific brain functions related to emotion and reward. Which of these is NOT true according to research studies?

Choices:

nucleus accumbens activation in anticipation to reward is greater in adolescence than either childhood or adulthood

reward-related activation in older people is like that of younger people in anticipation of potential gain, but reduced in anticipation of potential loss

amygdala activation in older adults is reduced for emotionally negative scenes but not reduced for emotionally positive scenes

frontal-lobe activation in older adults with successful cognitive aging is more asymmetric than in younger adults

Question: If you are extroverted and have to take a test, research indicates that to perform best you should

Choices:

consume caffeine if the test is in the morning, but do not consume caffeine if the test is in the afternoon

consume caffeine if the test is in the afternoon, but do not consume caffeine if the test is in the morning

consume caffeine for a test either in the morning or in the afternoon

do not consume caffeine for a test either in the morning or in the afternoon

Question: A survey of 5,000 young adults, ages 19-25, revealed that

Choices:

about 80% had a psychiatric disorder in the past year, and less than 50% with a disorder sought treatment

about 10% had a psychiatric disorder in the past year, and less than 5% with a disorder sought treatment

about 50% had a psychiatric disorder in the past year, and less than 25% with a disorder sought treatment

about 50% had a psychiatric disorder in the past year, and about 1% with a disorder sought treatment

Question: What is NOT true about theory of mind?

Choices:

it matures at different ages across different cultures

it matures earlier in children with older siblings

it matures late in children with autism

it matures during the pre-operational period as described by Piaget

Question: Infants show remarkable abilities by two years of age EXCEPT for which ability?

Choices:

imitation of facial movements by an adult

noticing different size squares on sequentially presented checkerboards

enjoying control over their environment

understanding the false beliefs of another person

Question: Which is NOT true about measures of personality?

Choices:

conscientiousness appears to diminish risk of Alzheimer’s disease

children are more similar to an adoptive sibling than to any randomly selected child

their stability increase with age

personality traits, according to twin studies, are about 50% heritable

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Source:  Gabrieli, John. 9.00 Introduction to Psychology, Spring 2010. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/brain-and-cognitive-sciences/9-00sc-introduction-to-psychology-fall-2011 (Accessed 2 Mar, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
Jordon Humphreys
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