Introduction to Neuroscience Exam #4 (HST.131)

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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.


The course will span modern neuroscience from molecular neurobiology to perception and cognition, including the following major topics: anatomy and development of the brain; cell biology of neurons and glia; ion channels and electrical signaling; synaptic transmission, integration, and chemical systems of the brain; sensory systems, from transduction to perception; motor systems; and higher brain functions dealing with memory, language, and affective disorders.

There are 31 questions.

Point values for each are given.

175 points total.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Introduction to Neuroscience Exam #4 (HST.131
Download Neuroscience Exam #4 Exam PDF eBook
83 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Introduction to Neuroscience Exam #4 (HST.131) Exam

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Question: (7 pt) Long-term potentiation at the CA3-to-CA1 synapse in the hippocampus has these characteristics (circle all that apply):

Choices:

requires extracellular Ca2+

requires postsynaptic depolarization

involves activation of protein kinase A

involves insertion of new AMPA receptors in the presynaptic membrane

is blocked by botulinum toxin in the postsynaptic cytoplasm

shares essentially the same mechanism at all synapses that use glutamate receptors

is mediated by binding of anandamide at CB1 receptors

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Question: A great many psychoactive drugs affect proteins associated with synaptic transmission. Match the drug or class of drugs with its target(s).

Choices:

dopamine D2 receptors

Na+/dopamine cotransporters

5HT transporters

serotonin receptors

GABAA receptors

adenosine receptors

vesicular H+/dopamine antiporters

monoamine oxidase

µ-opiate receptors

nACh receptors

CB1 receptors

NMDA receptors

Start FlashCards Download PDF Exam Series Learn
Source:  Corey, David. HST.131 Introduction to Neuroscience, Fall 2005. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/health-sciences-and-technology/hst-131-introduction-to-neuroscience-fall-2005 (Accessed 12 Apr, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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