Introduction to Neuroscience Exam #1 (HST.131)

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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

The course will span modern neuroscience from molecular neurobiology to perception and cognition, including the following major topics: anatomy and development of the brain; cell biology of neurons and glia; ion channels and electrical signaling; synaptic transmission, integration, and chemical systems of the brain; sensory systems, from transduction to perception; motor systems; and higher brain functions dealing with memory, language, and affective disorders.

There are 23 questions.

86 points total.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Introduction to Neuroscience Exam #1 (HST.131
Download Neuroscience Exam #1 Exam PDF eBook
27 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Introduction to Neuroscience Exam #1 (HST.131) Exam

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

0.5 nm

5 nm

50 nm

500 nm

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

1

10

100

1000

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

0.1 ms

1 ms

10 ms

100 ms

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

1 nm

10 nm

100 nm

1000 nm

Question: Indicate which of the following are true.

Choices:

Microtubules possess great tensile strength that enables axons to withstand mechanical stress.

The initial segment and nodes of Ranvier are enormously enriched in delayed rectifier potassium channels.

The speed of slow axonal transport is only one order of magnitude faster than simple diffusion.

Presynaptic proteins are often synthesized in the axonal terminal, while dendritic proteins are exclusively made in the soma.

Dendritic spines are generally thought to constitute the site of long-term, stable memory in CNS neurons.

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

0.2 nm

2 nm

20 nm

200 nm

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

5 nm

50 nm

500 nm

5000 nm

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

0.1 µM

1 µM

10 µM

100 µM

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

.05 nm

.5 nm

5 nm

50 nm

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

0.5 µM

5 µM

50 µM

500 µM

Question: It is important to have a sense for the relative orders of magnitude of cellular components. Circle the answer which is closest to correct for each physical parameter for a CNS synapse.

Choices:

50

500

5,000

50,000

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Source:  Corey, David. HST.131 Introduction to Neuroscience, Fall 2005. (MIT OpenCourseWare: Massachusetts Institute of Technology), http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/health-sciences-and-technology/hst-131-introduction-to-neuroscience-fall-2005 (Accessed 12 Apr, 2014). License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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