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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Hematology quiz Dr. Bohn
Download Hematology Exam PDF eBook
30 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Hematology quiz Dr. Bohn Exam

Question: What is seen on a CBC of a cat with FeLV?

Choices:

Microcytosis without regenerative anemia

Microcytosis with regenerative anemia

Macrocytosis without regenerative anemia

Macrocytosis with regenrative anemia

Question: Which color tube is submitted for a CBC?

Choices:

Blue

Purple

Red

Green

Grey

Question: Increased albumin is always due to dehydration. True/ False

Choices:

True

False

Question: Basophilic stippling in small animals is most likely caused by.....

Choices:

Tylenol toxicity

Onion toxicity

Lead toxicity

Hemangiosarcoma

FeLV

Question: Which of the following is associate with IMHA?

Choices:

Echinocytes

Keratocytes

Spherocytes

Stomatocytes

Target cells

Question: Acanthocytes are most likely associated with.....

Choices:

Tylenol toxicity

Lead toxicity

Snake bite envenomation

Hemangiosarcoma

Oxidative damage

Question: Which color tube is submitted for a Chemistry panel?

Choices:

Blue

Purple

Red

Green

Grey

Question: Heniz body anemia found on a cat CBC is most likely.....

Choices:

Lead toxicity

FeLV

Hemangiosarcoma

Tylenol toxicity

IBD

Question: What is the difference between serum and plasma?

Choices:

plasma always has fibrinogen

serum always has fibrinogen

Question: Which species does not release reticulocytes from bone marrow?

Choices:

Cow

Dog

Cat

Horse

Goat

Question: Which of the following is associated with Microcytosis (low MCV)?

Choices:

FeLV

Portosystemic shunt

Iron Deficiency

Lead toxicity

Dehydration

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