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As the salary for nurses rises, the quantity supplied will rise. If nurses’ salaries in Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington are higher than in other cities, more nurses will move to Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington to find jobs, more people will be willing to train as nurses, and those currently trained as nurses will be more likely to pursue nursing as a full-time job. In other words, there will be more nurses looking for jobs in the area.

At equilibrium    , the quantity supplied and the quantity demanded are equal. Thus, every employer who wants to hire a nurse at this equilibrium wage can find a willing worker, and every nurse who wants to work at this equilibrium salary can find a job. In [link] , the supply curve (S) and demand curve (D) intersect at the equilibrium point (E). The equilibrium quantity of nurses in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington area is 34,000, and the equilibrium salary is $70,000 per year. This example simplifies the nursing market by focusing on the “average” nurse. In reality, of course, the market for nurses is actually made up of many smaller markets, like markets for nurses with varying degrees of experience and credentials. Many markets contain closely related products that differ in quality; for instance, even a simple product like gasoline comes in regular, premium, and super-premium, each with a different price. Even in such cases, discussing the average price of gasoline, like the average salary for nurses, can still be useful because it reflects what is happening in most of the submarkets.

When the price of labor is not at the equilibrium, economic incentives tend to move salaries toward the equilibrium. For example, if salaries for nurses in Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington were above the equilibrium at $75,000 per year, then 38,000 people want to work as nurses, but employers want to hire only 33,000 nurses. At that above-equilibrium salary, excess supply or a surplus results. In a situation of excess supply in the labor market    , with many applicants for every job opening, employers will have an incentive to offer lower wages than they otherwise would have. Nurses’ salary will move down toward equilibrium.

In contrast, if the salary is below the equilibrium at, say, $60,000 per year, then a situation of excess demand or a shortage arises. In this case, employers encouraged by the relatively lower wage want to hire 40,000 nurses, but only 27,000 individuals want to work as nurses at that salary in Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington. In response to the shortage, some employers will offer higher pay to attract the nurses. Other employers will have to match the higher pay to keep their own employees. The higher salaries will encourage more nurses to train or work in Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington. Again, price and quantity in the labor market will move toward equilibrium.

Shifts in labor demand

The demand curve for labor shows the quantity of labor employers wish to hire at any given salary or wage rate, under the ceteris paribus    assumption. A change in the wage or salary will result in a change in the quantity demanded of labor. If the wage rate increases, employers will want to hire fewer employees. The quantity of labor demanded will decrease, and there will be a movement upward along the demand curve. If the wages and salaries decrease, employers are more likely to hire a greater number of workers. The quantity of labor demanded will increase, resulting in a downward movement along the demand curve.

Questions & Answers

what economics is all about?
Nomuhle Reply
what is a new paradigm shift
Austen Reply
Paradigm shift it is the reconcilliation of fedural goods in production
Shyline
factors that affecting economic system
Bemen Reply
crux
Shyline
what is microeconomics
Nkanyiso Reply
what is the main problem in our economy
Nkanyiso
crux
Austen
what does crux mean
Shyline
what is demand
Jervis Reply
what are the factors of demand
Jervis
What is money and banking
Dorcas Reply
which one of the bank do product money
Dorcas
central bank
Mohamed
no .... all bank its self...
Buayadarat_Gaming
commercial banking
Mohamed
different types of products banking are .... 1 bills of exchange, 2 leasing, 3 project finance and so on
Mohamed
Demand and supply
Jervis
money can be defined as a medium of exchange
Jervis
how third party insurance premium is calculated?
Eshetu Reply
why scarcity is a problem in economics.
AYAABA Reply
don't worry about it, it's everywhere b/c no resources are full off in the world, b/c geometric increase of population growth.
Eshetu
okay
Shyline
price elasticity of demand is a percentage change in quantity demanded/percentage change in price.
Fadiga Reply
what is the formula for elasticity
Favy Reply
please be specific. Is it elasticity of demand or supply
Moses
we do not have a specific formulae for elasticity but we do have formulae for the types of elasticity and these are the types.Namely price elasticity of demand,Income elasticity of demand and cross elasticity of demand. please be a specific with your question.
Fadiga
sorry elasticity of Demand
Favy
The elasticity of demand is the change in demand due to the change in one or more of the variable factors that it depends on. ... The responsiveness of the quantity demanded to the change in income is called Income elasticity of demand while that to the price is called Price elasticity of demand.
ushindi
price-elasticity-demand-formula Price elasticity of demand = % change in Q.D. / % change in Price
ushindi
what is socialist economics
andy Reply
socialist economics is diffined as the reduction in production possibility curve where as production possibility curve frontial is when it shows the reduction in business and it will also lead to ceteris paribus
Shyline
Socialist economy, is a system of government, in which the means of product is in the hands of the government
Blessing
Change in quantity supplied
Haja Reply
what happened when there is a decrease in investment ?
simeon
what is a minimum wage?
Emelyn
Haja: Change in Quantity Supplied mostly is associated with the supply curve and changes in pricing strategy in response to the changes in market conditions. May in which context are you asking it?
AmarbirSingh
Simeon: When there is a decrease in the amount invested then the amount of funding available is less and the level of production is low leading to less amount of goods and services available for consumption in the economy. Increases on the other hand will lead to development if managed properly.
AmarbirSingh
Otherwise, lead to Bankruptcy
AmarbirSingh
Emelyn: Minimum Wage: This is the minimum sum of money that should be paid to employees across the country to be able to afford a life-style where they can pay their bills on time and have food on the table, roof over their heads and money to travel and commute to and from one place.
AmarbirSingh
Thank you so much, AmarbirSingh Sandhu..
Emelyn
Career Progression and getting your investments right leads to wealth Generation and Management and Transfer.
AmarbirSingh
Emelyn: Your Welcome.
AmarbirSingh
assalam aleykum,I would like to ask if the world has not security what would happen?
Abdoulkarim
how can we define marginal cost I mean I used TC devided Q but teacher said it is not true
Ixtiyor
could you give me exact formula
Ixtiyor
extra
Iyabo
meaning
Iyabo
Emelyn this is the definition of minimum wages. Minimum wage is a least legal wage fixed above the equilibrium(market) wage by the legislative authorities below which it is illegal to employ labour in the labour market.
Fadiga
Two indifference curves cannot cut each other because:
Bilal Reply
because it shows that the business will go down or it will lose profit
Shyline
differentiate between normative statement and positive statement
Nkanyiso
What is scarcity
Ohemaa Reply
What is elasticity
Ohemaa
Elasticity is a tool in economics to Measure the Fluctuations in product price and the Quantity of products and services being sold.
AmarbirSingh
In business and economics, elasticity refers to the degree to which individuals, consumers, or producers change their demand or the amount supplied in response to price or income changes. It is predominantly used to assess the change in consumer demand as a result of a change in a good or service's
AmarbirSingh
Scarcity is the shortage of raw materials in the economy due to inefficient management and incompetent leadership of xyz authority leading to production and supply issues in correlation to the demand of those products, services and commodities available.
AmarbirSingh
Hope that answers the questions
AmarbirSingh
Have a great day ahead
AmarbirSingh
OK..
Emelyn
Scarcity it is the production of goods in economics
Shyline
Scarcity is not the production of goods in economics.
MARTIN
okay
Shyline
what are the factors that causes change in demand?
Nomuhle Reply
competition for one
Kudzie
okay thanks
Nomuhle
competition for one
Kudzie
Double coincidence of one
Shyline
These are the factors that cause change in demand. (1) Taste and fashion (2)income of the consumer (3)price of related commodities (4)size of the population. (5) weather conditions can also cause change in demand.
Fadiga

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Source:  OpenStax, Principles of economics. OpenStax CNX. Sep 19, 2014 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11613/1.11
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